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BACKGROUND The cytokine macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF), originally described as a T cell product, has recently been identified to mediate cellular interactions in several endocrine organs. Western blots analysis of rat epididymal homogenates using an anti-MIF antibody indicated the presence of substantial amounts of an immunoreactive protein(More)
In this review, the history of apocrine secretion and the essential categories are briefly mentioned and fused into a more generally applicable terminology. Using the coagulating gland of the male rat as a model, the mechanisms of apocrine secretion, the participation of the cytoskeleton in the formation of the apocrine blebs ("aposomes") and the structure(More)
Instructive influences of fetal mesenchyme were examined in heterotypic tissue recombinants consisting of urogenital sinus mesenchyme (UGM) from male and female rats and distal ductal tips from adult rat prostate. Tissues were grown under the renal capsule of male hosts for periods up to 28 days. Resultant growths exhibited typical prostate histology.(More)
Two different pathways for protein secretion are described for epithelial cells of rat coagulating gland and dorsal prostate: the classical merocrine and the alternative apocrine release mode. Apocrine-secreted proteins are synthesized on cytoplasmic polyribosomes and are subsequently exported in protrusions on the apical cell surface (aposomes). In this(More)
Originally defined as a lymphokine inhibiting the random migration of macrophages, the macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is an important mediator of the host response to infection. Beyond its function as a classical cytokine, MIF is currently portrayed as a multifunctional protein with growth-regulating properties present in organ systems beyond(More)
Fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF-2), which occurs in various isoforms both species and tissue specifically, regulates cell proliferation and differentiation via a dual receptor system consisting of heparan sulphate proteoglycans and receptor tyrosine kinases (FGFRs). This study demonstrates for the first time the distribution pattern of FGF-2 and the(More)
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF), described originally as a product of activated T lymphocytes, recently has been found to be released by monocytes/macrophages and the anterior pituitary gland. Immunohistochemical studies of the adult rat testis using an affinity-purified polyclonal antimurine MIF antibody demonstrated strong staining for MIF in(More)
A transglutaminase (TGase, EC 2.3.2.13) was isolated from the secretion of rat coagulating gland (CGS-TGase). The protein consists of a single polypeptide chain and has a molecular mass of 65 kDa. During purification the net charge changes from pI 7.6 in the crude extract to pI 8.5-8.7 for the purified protein. Nearly equal numbers of glutamyl- and(More)
Spermatogenesis is a highly complex, hormonally regulated cytodifferentiation process finally leading to the production of spermatozoa. In addition to other events germ cell differentiation is characterized by a gradual structural modification of many organelles including mitochondria which play a unique role. The morphological and functional development of(More)