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Cell density-dependent inhibition of growth and neural differentiation in the human neuroblastoma cell line SK-N-MC are associated with a ganglioside sialidase-mediated increase of GM1 and lactosylceramide at the cell surface. Because these glycolipids expose galactose residues, we have initiated the study of the potential role of galectins in such cellular(More)
PURPOSE Lipofuscin (LF) accumulation in the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) is associated with age and various retinal diseases. Toxic LF compounds may interfere with normal RPE function. Oxidative modification of proteins was determined in LF granules from human eyes. METHODS LF was isolated from the RPE-choroid complex of 10 pairs of donor eyes by(More)
PURPOSE A fluorescent component of lipofuscin, A2-E (N-retinylidene-N-retinylethanol-amine) has been shown to impair lysosomal function and to increase the intralysosomal pH of human retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells. In addition to its lysosomotropic properties A2-E is known to be photoreactive. The purpose of this study was to determine the(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the effect of the lipofuscin component N-retinylidene-N-retinylethanolamine (A2-E) on degradative functions of lysosomes in human retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells and to evaluate its mechanism of action. METHODS A2-E was coupled to low-density lipoprotein (LDL). Human RPE cell cultures were loaded with the A2-E/LDL complex,(More)
Carbohydrates establish the third alphabet of life. As part of cellular glycoconjugates, the glycans generate a multitude of signals in a minimum of space. The presence of distinct glycotopes and the glycome diversity are mapped by sugar receptors (antibodies and lectins). Endogenous (tissue) lectins can read the sugar-encoded information and translate it(More)
PURPOSE Lipofuscin accumulation in the RPE is a common downstream pathogenic pathway in various monogenic and complex retinal diseases including age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Lipid peroxidation-induced modification of proteins is thought to play a role in lipofuscinogenesis and may contribute to RPE dysfunction. A prior study demonstrated that a(More)
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