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Bile acids are well-recognized stimuli of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) secretion. This action has been attributed to activation of the G protein-coupled bile acid receptor GPBAR1 (TGR5), although other potential bile acid sensors include the nuclear farnesoid receptor and the apical sodium-coupled bile acid transporter ASBT. The aim of this study was to(More)
Organotypic cultures of the mouse olfactory epithelium connected to the olfactory bulb were obtained with the roller tube technique from postnatal mice aged between 13 and 66 days. To test the functionality of the cultures, we measured electroolfactograms (EOGs) at different days in vitro (DIV), up to 7 DIV, and we compared them with EOGs from identical(More)
Bestrophins are a recently discovered family of Cl(-) channels, for which no structural information is available. Some family members are activated by increased intracellular Ca2+ concentration. Bestrophins feature a well conserved Asp-rich tract in their COOH terminus (Asp-rich domain), which is homologous to Ca2+-binding motifs in human thrombospondins(More)
Protease-activated receptor 2 (PAR-2) is a G protein-coupled receptor possibly involved in the pathogenesis of asthma. PAR-2 also modulates ion transport in cultured epithelial cells, but these effects in native airways are controversial. The influence of allergic inflammation on PAR-2-induced changes in ion transport has received little attention. Here, we(More)
The anionic fluorescent dye merocyanin 540 (MC540) has a high affinity to phospholipid (PL) membranes. It was recently observed that the redistribution of PLs in the membranes of activated blood platelets leading to the exposure of the negatively charged PLs, mainly PS, results in the suppressed interaction of MC540 with membrane PLs. However, it has been(More)
Angiotensin II (Ang II) is the key hormone mediator of the renin angiotensin system, which regulates blood pressure and fluid and electrolyte balance in the body. Here we report that in the colonic epithelium, the Ang II type 1 receptor is highly and exclusively expressed in enteroendocrine L cells, which produce the gut hormones glucagon-like peptide-1 and(More)
KEY POINTS Arginine vasopressin (AVP) stimulates the release of enteroendocrine L-cell derived hormones glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and peptide YY (PYY) in vitro from mouse and human colons. This is mediated by the AVP receptor 1B, which is highly enriched in colonic L-cells and linked to the elevation of L-cell calcium and cAMP concentrations. By means(More)
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