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Local administration of corticosteroids may diminish acute lung injury associated with meconium aspiration. Budesonide was given intratracheally in 2 doses of 0.25 mg/kg each by means of inpulsion effect of high-frequency jet ventilation 0.5 and 2.5 hours after meconium instillation to oxygen-ventilated adult rabbits. Within 5 hours after the first dose,(More)
Two doses of the corticosteroid dexamethasone may alleviate meconium-induced acute lung injury more effectively than a single dose. Meconium-instilled rabbits intravenously received dexamethasone (0.5 mg/kg) at one dose 0.5 hours after meconium instillation or at two doses 0.5 hours and 2.5 hours after meconium instillation or were left without treatment,(More)
Combination of low-dose budesonide and low-dose aminophylline may improve lung function in reduced adverse effects compared with high-dose monotherapy. Adult rabbits intratracheally received 4 ml/kg of saline or meconium (25 mg/ml). Meconium-injured rabbits were treated at 0.5 and 2.5 h after meconium instillation by intravenous aminophylline (1.0 mg/kg),(More)
The effects of dexamethasone on in vitro airway reactivity associated with lung inflammation were investigated in rabbits with meconium aspiration. Oxygen-ventilated adult rabbits received an intratracheal bolus of 4 ml/kg body weight of saline (Sal, n = 4) or human meconium (25 mg/ml). Thirty minutes later, meconium-instilled animals intravenously received(More)
Glucocorticoids may improve lung function in newborns with meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS), but information on the acute side effects of glucocorticoids in infants is limited. In this study using a rabbit model of MAS, we addressed the hypothesis that systemic administration of dexamethasone causes acute cardiovascular changes. Adult rabbits were treated(More)
Since inflammation and oxidative stress are fundamental in the pathophysiology of neonatal meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS), various anti-inflammatory drugs have been used in experimental and clinical studies on MAS. This pilot study evaluated therapeutic potential of N-acetylcysteine in modulation of meconium-induced inflammation and oxidative lung(More)
As the administration of many antitussive drugs is often associated with adverse effects, new alternatives are evaluated in experimental and clinical conditions. The aim of this study was to assess the influence of selective inhibitors of PDE3 (cilostazol) and PDE4 (citalopram) on cough and airway reactivity. The number of cough efforts, specific airway(More)
Chronic inflammatory diseases, associated with airway obstruction and cough, are usually treated with bronchodilating and anti-inflammatory drugs. Inhibition of phosphodiesterases (PDE) leads to both of these effects and influences apoptosis of immune cells. In chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, roflumilast, a selective PDE4 inhibitor, has been recently(More)
In this study the effects of non-selective PDE inhibitors (theophylline and theobromine) and selective inhibitors of PDE 1, 3, 4 and 5 on cough, induced by citric acid, were evaluated. Inhalation of citric acid aerosol was used for cough provocation in healthy and ovalbumin-sensitized guinea pigs and the number of cough efforts was registered after visual(More)
Phosphodiesterases (PDEs) are enzymes responsible for degradation of cAMP and cGMP in cells. Thus, PDE inhibitors may have significant clinical benefit in respiratory diseases associated with inflammation. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of selective PDE4 (rolipram, ROL) and PDE7 inhibitors (BRL50481, BRL) on citric acid-induced(More)