Learn More
The complete presequences of the nucleus-encoded precursors to two proteins, cytochrome c6 and the 30-kDa protein of the oxygen-evolving complex, that reside in the thylakoid lumen of the chloroplasts of Euglena gracilis are presented. Sorting of these proteins involves translocation across four membranes, the three-membraned chloroplast envelope and the(More)
Euglena gracilis is able to synthesize adenosine triphosphate under anaerobic conditions through a malonyl-independent fatty acid synthesis leading to wax ester fermentation. Mitochondrial fatty acid synthesis uses acetyl-CoA and propionyl-CoA as C2- and C3-donors for de novo synthesis of even- and odd-numbered fatty acids, respectively. Euglena's wax ester(More)
Ofloxacin (15 microg/mL) and acridine orange (5 microg/mL) induce mutagenicity by different mechanisms in the photosynthetic flagellate Euglena gracilis. The present study examined whether Pycnogenol (PYC; 5-100 microg/mL) or Ginkgo biloba extract (EGb 761; 5-100 microg/mL) could protect against the mutagenic effects of each of the mutagens and the(More)
Quinolones and coumarins were potent eliminators of chloroplasts from Euglena gracilis. There was a remarkable similarity between antichloroplastic and antibacterial activities of DNA gyrase inhibitors. Quinolones produced 100% chloroplast-free cells in concentrations which do not affect cell viability. Optimal conditions were exponential growth, continuous(More)
Primary plastids of green algae (including land plants), red algae and glaucophytes are bounded by two membranes and are thought to be derived from a single primary endosymbiosis of a cyanobacterium in a eukaryotic host. Complex plastids of euglenids and chlorarachneans bounded by three and four membranes, respectively, most likely arose via two separate(More)
Saponins, steroid or triterpene glycosides, are known to have a broad spectrum of biological and pharmacological activities. Three different triterpenoid saponins, marked here as 1s, 2s and 3s, from involucral bracts of Cynara cardunculus L. were isolated and their antimutagenic effect was assessed. Using spectrophotometric method it was shown that all(More)
Water infusions of Ligustrum delavayanum and Ligustrum vulgare leaves and eight phenolics isolated therefrom have been assayed in vitro on ofloxacin-induced genotoxicity in the unicellular flagellate Euglena gracilis. The tested compounds luteolin, quercetin, luteolin-7-glucoside, luteolin-7-rutinoside, quercetin-3-rutinoside, apigenin-7-rutinoside, tyrosol(More)
Milk is a complex physiological liquid that simultaneously provides nutrients and bioactive components that facilitate the successful postnatal adaptation of the newborn infant by stimulating cellular growth and digestive maturation, the establishment of symbiotic microflora, and the development of gut-associated lymphoid tissues. The number, the potency,(More)
Three hundred and ten enterococcal isolates (178Enterococcus faecium, 68E. durans, 49E. faecalis, 8E. italicus, 3E. gallinarum, 3E. casseliflavus, and 1E. hirae) from Slovak Bryndza cheese were evaluated for susceptibility to nine antimicrobial agents (vancomycin, teicoplanin, ampicillin, streptomycin, gentamicin, erythromycin, rifampicin, nitrofurantoin,(More)
Three hundred and eight presumed enterococcal isolates were recovered from Bryndza, a soft sheep milk cheese. The cheese samples were obtained from five different commercial distributors in Slovakia and were taken at three different seasonal intervals. All isolates were identified to the species level using genotypic tools. Species-specific PCR using ddl(More)