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1. Mouse lines lacking prion protein (PrP(C)) have a puzzling phenotypic discrepancy. Some, but not all, developed late-onset ataxia due to Purkinje cell degeneration. 2. Here, we identified aberrant mRNA species in the brain of Ngsk Prnp0/0 ataxic, but not in nonataxic Zrch Prnp0/0 mouse line. These mRNAs were chimeric between the noncoding exons 1 and 2(More)
CA IX is a hypoxia-induced, cancer-associated carbonic anhydrase isoform with functional involvement in pH control and cell adhesion. Here we describe an alternative splicing variant of the CA9 mRNA, which does not contain exons 8-9 and is expressed in tumour cells independently of hypoxia. It is also detectable in normal tissues in the absence of the(More)
A hydrophobic, fibrillogenic peptide fragment of human prion protein (PrP106-126) had in vitro toxicity to neurons expressing cellular prion protein (PrP(C)). In this study, we proved that primary cultures of mouse cerebral endothelial cells (MCEC) express PrP(C). Incubation of MCEC with PrP106-126 (25-200 microM) caused a dose-dependent toxicity assessed(More)
Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP(3)) receptors are emerging as key sites for regulation by pro- and anti-apoptotic factors. Induction of apoptosis for 3 h increased mRNA and protein levels of type 1 IP(3) receptors in non-differentiated (ND), but not in differentiated (D) PC12 cells. Inhibitors of the IP(3) R's calcium release-2-aminoethoxydiphenyl borate(More)
Acidic tissue microenvironment contributes to tumor progression via multiple effects including the activation of angiogenic factors and proteases, reduced cell-cell adhesion, increased migration and invasion, etc. In addition, intratumoral acidosis can influence the uptake of anticancer drugs and modulate the response of tumors to conventional therapy.(More)
Endosialin is a transmembrane glycoprotein selectively expressed in blood vessels and stromal fibroblasts of various human tumours. It has been functionally implicated in angiogenesis, but the factors that control its expression have remained unclear. As insufficient delivery of oxygen is a driving force of angiogenesis in growing tumours, we investigated(More)
Carbonic anhydrase IX is a hypoxia-induced transmembrane enzyme linked with solid tumors. It catalyzes the reversible hydration of CO2 providing bicarbonate ions for intracellular neutralization and protons for extracellular acidosis, thereby supporting tumor cell survival and invasiveness. CA IX is the only human CA isoform containing the proteoglycan (PG)(More)
BACKGROUND Some lines of mice homozygous for a disrupted prion protein gene (Prnp), including Ngsk Prnp(0/0) mice, exhibit Purkinje cell degeneration as a consequence of the ectopic overexpression of the downstream gene for prion protein-like protein (PrPLP/Dpl) in the brain, but others, such as Zrch I Prnp(0/0) mice, show neither the neurodegeneration nor(More)
Hypoxia is a common feature of solid tumors that activates a plethora of pathways, resulting in proliferation and resistance of cancer cells to radio- and chemotherapy. Pheochromocytomas/paragangliomas (PHEOs/PGLs) with mutations in the gene coding for the subunit B of succinate dehydrogenase (SDHB) are the most aggressive forms of the disease, which is(More)
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