Learn More
Carbonic anhydrase IX (CA IX) is a hypoxia-induced cell surface enzyme expressed in solid tumors, and functionally involved in acidification of extracellular pH and destabilization of intercellular contacts. Since both extracellular acidosis and reduced cell adhesion facilitate invasion and metastasis, we investigated the role of CA IX in cell migration,(More)
The complete coding sequence of the herpesvirus of turkeys (HVT) unique long (U(L)) region along with the internal repeat regions has been determined. This allows completion of the HVT nucleotide sequence by linkage to the sequence of the unique short (U(S)) region. The genome is approximately 160 kbp and shows extensive similarity in organization to the(More)
In the hypoxic regions of a tumor, carbonic anhydrase IX (CA IX) is an important transmembrane component of the pH regulatory machinery that participates in bicarbonate transport. Because tumor pH has implications for growth, invasion, and therapy, determining the basis for the contributions of CA IX to the hypoxic tumor microenvironment could lead to new(More)
1. Mouse lines lacking prion protein (PrPC) have a puzzling phenotypic discrepancy. Some, but not all, developed late-onset ataxia due to Purkinje cell degeneration. 2. Here, we identified aberrant mRNA species in the brain of Ngsk Prnp 0/0 ataxic, but not in nonataxic Zrch Prnp 0/0 mouse line. These mRNAs were chimeric between the noncoding exons 1 and 2(More)
Hypoxic brain cell injury is a complex process that results from a series of intracellular events. In this work, we tested whether severe hypoxia for 6 h can affect gene expression and protein levels of intracellular calcium channels, ryanodine receptors, and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptors in mouse cerebellum. In addition, we tested the effect of(More)
CA IX is a hypoxia-induced, cancer-associated carbonic anhydrase isoform with functional involvement in pH control and cell adhesion. Here we describe an alternative splicing variant of the CA9 mRNA, which does not contain exons 8-9 and is expressed in tumour cells independently of hypoxia. It is also detectable in normal tissues in the absence of the(More)
Hypoxia is a state of insufficient oxygen supply of the tissue or cell. Kidney tissue is highly sensitive to oxygen deprivation and easily develops renal ischemic injury. Calcium transporters very sensitively react to oxygen deficiency. We investigated whether hypoxia affects the gene expression of intracellular calcium transporters in the intact kidney,(More)
Carbonic anhydrase IX is a hypoxia-induced transmembrane enzyme linked with solid tumors. It catalyzes the reversible hydration of CO2 providing bicarbonate ions for intracellular neutralization and protons for extracellular acidosis, thereby supporting tumor cell survival and invasiveness. CA IX is the only human CA isoform containing the proteoglycan (PG)(More)
Carbonic anhydrase 9 (CA9), as one of the most hypoxia-responsive genes, has been associated almost exclusively with hypoxic tumors. Its principal role is in pH regulation which helps tumor cells overcome intracellular acidosis and survive extended periods of time with low oxygen. Hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) is the main transcriptional activator of(More)
Most solid tumors display extracellular acidosis, which only partially overlaps with hypoxia and induces distinct adaptive changes leading to aggressive phenotype. Although acidosis is mainly attributable to excessive production of lactic acid, it also involves carbonic anhydrase (CA) IX-mediated conversion of CO(2) to an extracellular proton and a(More)