BACKGROUND Therapeutic hypothermia protects neurons after severe brain injury. Activated microglia produce several neurotoxic factors, such as pro-inflammatory cytokines and nitric oxide (NO), during neuron destruction. Hence, suppression of microglial release of these factors is thought to contribute partly to the neuroprotective effects of hypothermia.… (More)
Background: Anti-phospholipid (aPL) antibodies (Abs) frequently found in the plasma of patients with sys-temic lupus erythematosus (SLE) have been associated with thrombotic complications. Our aim was to clarify the roles in thrombosis of aPL Abs that react with complexes of phospholipids and plasma proteins such as ␤ 2-glycoprotein I (␤ 2-GPI),… (More)
We sought to determine whether oxidative stress and anti-oxidative activity could act as biomarkers that discriminate patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) from healthy volunteers at acute and sub-acute fatigue and resting conditions. We calculated the oxidative stress index (OSI) from reactive oxygen metabolites-derived compounds (d-ROMs) and the… (More)
Hyperalgesia results from a decreased pain threshold, often subsequent to peripheral tissue damage. Recent reports revealed several promising mechanisms of hyperalgesia, but many issues remain unclear. The glial activation accompanying inflammation of neurotransmission in the spinal cord might be related to the initiation and maintenance of hyperalgesia.… (More)
To determine genotypic distribution of and relationship between human and cat strains of Bartonella henselae,we characterized 56 specimens using multispacer typing (MST). Of 13 MST genotypes identified, 12 were grouped into cluster 1. In Japan, human infections can be caused by B. henselae strains in cluster 1.