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Validation of a novel gene expression signature in independent data sets is a critical step in the development of a clinically useful test for cancer patient risk-stratification. However, validation is often unconvincing because the size of the test set is typically small. To overcome this problem we used publicly available breast cancer gene expression(More)
MOTIVATION Systematic differences due to experimental features of microarray experiments are present in most large microarray data sets. Many different experimental features can cause biases including different sources of RNA, different production lots of microarrays or different microarray platforms. These systematic effects present a substantial hurdle to(More)
PURPOSE The prognosis of a patient with estrogen receptor (ER) and/or progesterone receptor (PR) -positive breast cancer can be highly variable. Therefore, we developed a gene expression-based outcome predictor for ER+ and/or PR+ (ie, luminal) breast cancer patients using biologic differences among these tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS The ER+ MCF-7 breast(More)
The prognostication of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is largely based upon the tumor size and location and the presence of lymph node metastases. Here we show that gene expression patterns from 60 HNSCC samples assayed on cDNA microarrays allowed categorization of these tumors into four distinct subtypes. These subtypes showed statistically(More)
BACKGROUND Diffuse low-grade and intermediate-grade gliomas (which together make up the lower-grade gliomas, World Health Organization grades II and III) have highly variable clinical behavior that is not adequately predicted on the basis of histologic class. Some are indolent; others quickly progress to glioblastoma. The uncertainty is compounded by(More)
BACKGROUND Papillary renal-cell carcinoma, which accounts for 15 to 20% of renal-cell carcinomas, is a heterogeneous disease that consists of various types of renal cancer, including tumors with indolent, multifocal presentation and solitary tumors with an aggressive, highly lethal phenotype. Little is known about the genetic basis of sporadic papillary(More)
OBJECTIVE Rescue ventilations during bystander resuscitation, although previously considered essential, interrupt the continuity of chest compressions and might have deleterious effects in basic life support. This study was undertaken to analyze the global ventilation/perfusion values of continuous compressions and 30:2 cardiopulmonary resuscitation to(More)
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is a causative agent of infectious hepatitis in animals and humans both in developing and developed countries. Here, we collected 500 sheep sera and 75 raw sheep liver samples from a slaughterhouse in the southern part of the Xinjiang region, China, along with 26 sera of butchers from the same slaughterhouse. All serum samples were(More)
BACKGROUND Restoration of spontaneous circulation after cardiopulmonary resuscitation in cardiac arrest patients does not always signal a completely successful outcome. Functional deficiencies of the nervous system are found in many survivors of cardiac arrest. OBJECTIVES To study the effects of dopamine-induced elevated blood pressure on the(More)
OBJECTIVE Patients with organophosphorus poisoning sometimes die suddenly during rigorous treatment, possibly from myocardial injury. This study sought to elucidate the mechanisms underlying organophosphorus poisoning-induced cardiotoxicity. DESIGN Prospective observational study. SETTING Urban, tertiary teaching hospital emergency intensive care unit(More)