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Plant hormones have been shown to regulate key processes during embryogenesis in the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana, but the mechanisms that determine the peculiar embryo pattern formation of monocots are largely unknown. Using the auxin and cytokinin response markers DR5 and TCSv2 (two-component system, cytokinin-responsive promoter version #2), as well(More)
Black carbon (BC) is believed to be an important adsorbent of organic pollutants. A complex suite of heavy metals and organic pollutants is commonly present in many situations. An issue that has received little direct attention is the effect of heavy metals on sorption of organic compounds to BC. We found that coadsorption of Cu2+ at an environmentally(More)
Degreening, caused by chlorophyll degradation, is the most obvious symptom of senescing leaves. Chlorophyll degradation can be triggered by endogenous and environmental cues, and ethylene is one of the major inducers. ETHYLENE INSENSITIVE3 (EIN3) is a key transcription factor in the ethylene signaling pathway. It was previously reported that EIN3, miR164,(More)
Glaucoma is a chronic neurodegenerative disease characterized by the progressive loss of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs). Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) alterations have been documented as a key component of many neurodegenerative disorders. However, whether mtDNA alterations contribute to the progressive loss of RGCs and the mechanism whereby this phenomenon(More)
Castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) and its treatment are challenging issues in prostate cancer management. Here, we report that miR-663 is upregulated in CRPC tissues. Overexpression of miR-663 in prostate LNCaP cells promotes cell proliferation and invasion, neuroendocrine differentiation, and reduction in dihydrotestosterone-induced upregulation(More)
BACKGROUND TGFβ 1 is very important in the synthesis and degradation of extracellular matrix (ECM), and also in the mediation of human pulmonary fibroblasts proliferation, and miR-29 plays an important role in this process. OBJECTIVE In the present study, the effects of TGFβ 1 on the expression of miR-29 and whether miR-29 is involved in pro-survival(More)
Bacterial populations common to healthy human guts may play important roles in human health. A new strategy for discovering genomic sequences as markers for these bacteria was developed using Enterobacterial Repetitive Intergenic Consensus (ERIC)-PCR fingerprinting. Structural features within microbial communities are compared with ERIC-PCR followed by DNA(More)
The objective of this study was to develop an effective ultra-rapid vitrification method and evaluate its effect on maturation, developmental competence and development-related gene expression in bovine immature oocytes. Bovine cumulus oocyte complexes were randomly allocated into three groups: (1) controls, (2) liquid nitrogen vitrification, and (3) liquid(More)
We systematically studied effects of pH, ionic strength, and presence of Cu2+ (50 mg/L) or a dissolved humic acid (HA, Fluka) (50 mg/L) on adsorption of three nonionic aromatic compounds, naphthalene, 1,3-dinitrobenzene, and 1,3,5-trinitrobenzene to single-walled carbon nanotubes. Presence of Cu2+ or variance in the ionic strength between 0.02 and 0.1 M(More)
OBJECTIVE Emerging evidences implicate long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are deregulated in cancer development. The purpose of the current study is to investigate the role of new lncRNA, named PlncRNA-1, in prostate cancer (CaP) pathogenesis. MATERIALS AND METHODS In this study, real-time q-PCR was used to demonstrate the expression of PlncRNA-1 in 16 pairs(More)