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To determine the factors underlying suicide in Akita prefecture, a questionnaire survey was conducted among members of the Akita Prefectural Medical Association (APMA), regarding suicide cases they attended. During the investigation period (1 July 2001-30 June 2002), the total number of suicide cases was 243 (138 completed, 105 attempted). Significant(More)
We investigated the behavioral effects of Chinese herbal medicines in the forced swimming test. One of these medicines, Kami-shoyo-san, induced an antidepressive climbing behavior in mice. An effective substance detected to be an O-linked glycoside with the sugar chain structure GalNAc alpha 1-3GalNAc was separated. The behavioral effect was(More)
We found a glycoside in sera of schizophrenic patients. This glycoside increased climbing of mouse forced swimming and the climbing was decreased by dopamine D1 receptor antagonist SCH-23390 with a dose dependent manner. This glycoside had much reactivity of GalNAc alpha1-3GalNAc, but not that of polymannoses nor that of Gal beta1-3GlcNAc alpha1-serine or(More)
We detected a peptide having a behavioral activity on mouse forced swimming from sera of healthy volunteers without affective and psychotic diseases. The amino acid sequence was GVNDNEEGF, which was found in the sequence of human beta-fibrinogen. The synthesized peptide also showed the behavioral activity dose-dependently, but human fibrinopeptide B(More)
Slip-down from a raised platform was previously found in mice treated with morphine, and this behavior was also recognized in mice treated with a monoamine releaser methamphetamine. Pharmacological examination on the slip-down indicated that the behavior was induced by receptor stimulations by D2 agonist PPHT and 5HT-2 agonist DOI. In mice treated with(More)
The relationship between lithium and the reactivities of GalNAcalpha1-3GalNAc-lipid and fibrinopeptide A were investigated in mice. Lithium strongly decreased glycolipid reactivity and slightly increased peptide reactivity in a dose- and time-dependent manner. These substances showed antidepressive behavioral effects in mice via different neurological(More)
The antiemetic effect of granisetron, a selective 5-HT3 receptor antagonist, on ouabain-induced emesis was studied using ferrets. In order to clarify the relationship between ouabain-induced emesis and serotonin (5-HT), we examined its effects on 5-HT release from the isolated ileum. Afferent vagal nerve activity was also determined. An intravenous bolus(More)
A glycolipid having GalNAc alpha1-3GalNAc in the terminal increases a behavior climbing in a depression model, mouse forced swimming. Antidepressants, which sometimes induce hypomanic state in patients, increase the glycolipid and an anti-manic substance lithium decreases the glycolipid in mice. We detected the humoral GalNAc alpha1-3GalNAc-lipid reactivity(More)
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