Junya Fukuoka

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BACKGROUND Tobacco smoking is responsible for over 90% of lung cancer cases, and yet the precise molecular alterations induced by smoking in lung that develop into cancer and impact survival have remained obscure. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS We performed gene expression analysis using HG-U133A Affymetrix chips on 135 fresh frozen tissue samples of(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of gefitinib and the feasibility of screening for epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations among select patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Stage IIIB/IV NSCLC, chemotherapy-naive patients or patients with recurrences after up to two prior chemotherapy regimens were(More)
To identify genetic events that characterize cancer progression, we conducted a comprehensive genetic evaluation of 161 primary breast tumors. Similar to the "mountain-and-hill" view of mutations, gene amplification also shows high- and low-frequency alterations in breast cancers. The frequently amplified genes include the well-known oncogenes ERBB2, FGFR1,(More)
CONTEXT Differentiation of non-small cell carcinoma into histologic types is important because of new, successful therapies that target lung adenocarcinoma (ACA). TTF-1 is a favored marker for lung ACA but has limited sensitivity and specificity. Napsin A (Nap-A) is a functional aspartic proteinase that may be an alternative marker for primary lung ACA. (More)
We evaluated somatic genetic alterations in the kinase domain of the EGFR gene in the tumors of 219 non-small cell lung cancer patients of primarily Caucasian and African American origins. We identified 26 patients (12%) whose tumors had a mutation in the EGFR gene, and 11 (5%) patients carried novel genomic variations consistent with germ-line(More)
We immunohistochemically examined 12 core proteins involved in the chromatin remodeling machinery using a tissue microarray composed of 150 lung adenocarcinoma (AD) and 150 squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) cases. Most of the proteins showed nuclear staining, whereas some also showed cytoplasmic or membranous staining. When the expression patterns of all tested(More)
HIN-1 (high in normal-1) is a candidate tumor suppressor identified as a gene silenced by methylation in the majority of breast carcinomas. HIN-1 is highly expressed in the mammary gland, trachea, lung, prostate, pancreas, and salivary gland, and in the lung, its expression is primarily restricted to bronchial epithelial cells. In this report, we show that,(More)
Activation of numerous pathways has been documented in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) has emerged as a common therapeutic target. The mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and AKT signaling pathways are downstream of EGFR and deregulated via genetic and epigenetic mechanisms in many human cancers. We evaluated(More)
We examined the correlation between seizure activity and development of mossy fiber sprouting in the hippocampal formation using Timm staining in a newly developed Ihara epileptic rat (IER). The sprouting of mossy fibers were clearly shown in the inner molecular portion of the dentate gyrus and in the stratum oriens of CA3 pyramidal cell layer with repeated(More)
S-1 has been recommended as adjuvant chemotherapy in patients after curative surgery for gastric cancer. However, some patients suffer recurrence even after S-1 adjuvant chemotherapy. The present study was conducted to find a predictive marker of the efficacy of S-1 adjuvant chemotherapy. We examined the microRNA (miRNA) expression of 35 patients who(More)