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PRIMARY OBJECTIVE To examine the hospitalization costs and discharge outcomes of US children with TBI and to evaluate a severity measure, the predictive mortality likelihood level. RESEARCH DESIGN Data from the 2006 Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project Kids' Inpatient Database (KID) were used to report the national estimates and characteristics of(More)
DYX1C1 and KIAA0319 have been two of the most extensively studied candidate genes for dyslexia given their important roles in the neuronal migration and neurite growth. The -3G > A in DYX1C1 and the 931C > T in KIAA0319 were of special interest for dyslexia but with inconsistent results. We performed a meta-analysis integrating case-control and(More)
OBJECTIVE We aimed to investigate the patterns and risk factors of nonfatal injuries among rural mountain-area children in southwest China. METHODS A stratified sampling method was used to recruit rural children aged 8 to 17 years (mainly 9-14 years) from 7 schools. Self-reported injuries during the past 12 months and relevant concerns were collected from(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the definition of traumatic brain injury (TBI) in the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) and compare TBI case ascertainment using NEISS vs. ICD-9-CM diagnosis coding. METHODS Two data samples from a NEISS participating emergency department (ED) in 2008 were compared: (1) NEISS records meeting the recommended NEISS(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System's (NEISS) comparability with a data source that uses ICD-9-CM coding. METHODS A sample of NEISS cases from a children's hospital in 2008 was selected, and cases were linked with their original medical record. Medical records were reviewed and an ICD-9-CM code was assigned to each(More)
Trauma patients with an ISS=75 have been deliberately excluded from some trauma studies because they were assumed to have "unsurvivable injuries." This study aimed to assess the true mortality among patients with an ISS=75, and to examine the characteristics and primary diagnoses of these patients. Retrospective review of the 2006-2010 U.S. Nationwide(More)
INTRODUCTION Severity scoring systems facilitate communication in many areas of medicine (eg, Glasgow Coma Scale [GCS] in neurological injury). However, there is no widely used scale to provide a tool for communicating the urgency of possible surgical intervention in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). This study builds on prior research to develop(More)
Non-invasive and real-time imaging of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract is particularly desirable for research and clinical studies of patients with symptoms arising from gastrointestinal diseases. Here, we designed and fabricated silica-coated bismuth sulfide nanorods (Bi2S3@SiO2 NRs) for a non-invasive spatial-temporally imaging of the GI tract. The Bi2S3(More)
OBJECTIVE To study characteristics and outcomes of paediatric patients with abusive head trauma (AHT) treated in emergency departments. METHODS Nationwide Emergency Department Sample (NEDS) data were analysed. The CDC recommended AHT definition was used to classify children ≤ 4 years with head trauma into AHT and non-AHT groups. Outcomes were compared(More)
The aim of this study was to provide accurate estimates and characterizations of children with spinal cord injuries (SCIs) and for the subset that are appropriate for inclusion in clinical trials. We identified children <18 years of age with SCI International Classifications of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification Codes (ICD-9-CM codes) from the(More)