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BACKGROUND The evolutionally conserved MAPK Sty1 and bZIP transcriptional activator Atf1 are known to play a pivotal role in response to the reactive oxygen species in S. pombe. However, it is unclear whether all of the H(2)O(2)-induced genes are directly regulated by the Sty1-Atf1 pathway and involved in growth fitness under H(2)O(2)-induced stress(More)
We present a systematic procedure for designing "flat bands" of photonic crystal waveguides for slow light propagation. The procedure aims to maximize the group index - bandwidth product by changing the position of the first two rows of holes of W1 line defect photonic crystal waveguides. A nearly constant group index - bandwidth product is achieved for(More)
Systemic treatment with strontium ranelate (SR) was performed on ovariectomized (OVX) rats with fractured tibiae. Callus quality was assessed by radiographic, histological, micro-computerized tomography, and biomechanical examinations at 4 and 8 weeks after fracture. Results revealed that systemic applied SR promoted osteoporotic fracture healing. Several(More)
BACKGROUND During S. pombe S-phase, initiation of DNA replication occurs at multiple sites (origins) that are enriched with AT-rich sequences, at various times. Current studies of genome-wide DNA replication profiles have focused on the DNA replication timing and origin location. However, the replication and/or firing efficiency of the individual origins on(More)
Two kinds of remodeling, stochastic and targeted, have been proposed based on the observation that microdamage in bone can initiate the remodeling process. Bisphosphonates are known to suppress stochastic bone remodeling. It has been hypothesized that bisphosphonates allow microdamage to accumulate, suggesting that they also suppress targeted remodeling.(More)
Prostaglandins mediate adaptive bone formation induced by mechanical loading. Inhibition of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) with NS-398 effectively blocks loading-induced osteogenesis on the endocortical bone surface of the tibia. In this study, we compared the effects of selective inhibition of COX-2 with NS-398 on mechanically induced osteogenesis at the(More)
We report on the fabrication and characterization of silicon photonic crystal waveguides completely embedded in silica. These waveguides offer a robust alternative to air-membranes and are fully compatible with monolithic integration. Despite the reduced refractive index contrast compared to the air-membranes, these waveguides offer a considerable operating(More)
Brucella spp. are facultative intracellular bacteria that infect humans and animals. In this study, the loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) was used to detect the Brucella-specific gene omp25. Reaction conditions were optimized as temperature 65°C, reaction time 60 min, Mg(2+) concentration 8.0 mmol/L, polymerase content Bst DNA, 0.5 μL,(More)
Nitrogen starvation (NS) induces sexual development when mating partners are available or enter into quiescent state (G0) in heterothallic background in fission yeast. However, little is known whether the two processes share common signaling molecules or cells defective in the two processes share common transcriptional signatures. To address these(More)
Fission yeast replication checkpoint kinases Rad3p and Cds1p are essential for maintaining cell viability after transient treatment with hydroxyurea (HU), an agent that blocks DNA replication. Although current studies have focused on the cyclin-dependent protein kinase Cdc2p that is regulated by these checkpoint kinases, other aspects of their functions at(More)