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Gastric cancer is a heterogeneous disease with multiple environmental etiologies and alternative pathways of carcinogenesis. Beyond mutations in TP53, alterations in other genes or pathways account for only small subsets of the disease. We performed exome sequencing of 22 gastric cancer samples and identified previously unreported mutated genes and pathway(More)
Splicing of certain pre-mRNA introns is dependent on an enhancer element, which is typically purine-rich. It is generally thought that enhancers increase the use of suboptimal splicing signals, and one specific proposal is that enhancers stabilize binding of U2AF65 to weak polypyrimidine (Py) tracts. Here, we test this model using an IgM pre-mRNA substrate,(More)
Several replication-initiation proteins are assembled stepwise onto replicators to form pre-replicative complexes (pre-RCs) to license eukaryotic DNA replication. We performed a yeast functional proteomic screen and identified the Rix1 complex members (Ipi1p-Ipi2p/Rix1-Ipi3p) as pre-RC components and critical determinants of replication licensing and(More)
It has been shown that the Autographa californica multiple nucleopolyhedrovirus (AcMNPV) 38K (ac98) is required for nucleocapsid assembly. However, the exact role of 38K in nucleocapsid assembly remains unknown. In the present study, we investigated the relationship between 38K and the nucleocapsid. Western blotting using polyclonal antibodies raised(More)
The symmetry of the responses of the human DNA (cytosine-5)methyltransferase to alternative placements of 5-methylcytosine in model oligodeoxynucleotide duplexes containing unusual structures has been examined. The results of these experiments more clearly define the DNA recognition specificity of the enzyme. A simple three-nucleotide recognition motif(More)
The heterohexameric origin recognition complex (ORC) has been implicated in many cellular activities, including DNA replication, transcriptional control, heterochromatin assembly, centromere and telomere function, and so on. Here, we report a new function for ORC in mediating histone methylation. Using the yeast two-hybrid system, we identify a physical(More)
A single mouse genomic locus encodes proteins catalyzing three steps of purine synthesis, glycinamide ribonucleotide synthetase (GARS), aminoimidazole ribonucleotide synthetase (AIRS), and glycinamide ribonucleotide formyltransferase (GART). This gene has 22 exons and spans 28 kilobases. The existence of a second genetic locus and closely related(More)
The mouse glycinamide ribonucleotide formyltransferase (GART) locus is known to produce two functional proteins, one by recognition and use of an intronic polyadenylation site and the other by downstream splicing. We now report a similar intronic polyadenylation mechanism for the human GART locus. The human GART gene has two potential polyadenylation(More)
Three of the enzymatic activities of de novo purine synthesis, glycinamide ribonucleotide synthetase (GARS), aminoimidazole ribonucleotide synthetase (AIRS) and glycinamide ribonucleotide formyltransferase (GART), can be catalyzed by a single 110-kDa protein in mouse cells. Western blots using a polyclonal antibody (Ab) to this protein identified two(More)