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Human action recognition is an important yet challenging task. The recently developed commodity depth sensors open up new possibilities of dealing with this problem but also present some unique challenges. The depth maps captured by the depth cameras are very noisy and the 3D positions of the tracked joints may be completely wrong if serious occlusions(More)
Actions are spatio-temporal patterns which can be characterized by collections of spatio-temporal invariant features. Detection of actions is to find the re-occurrences (e.g. through pattern matching) of such spatio-temporal patterns. This paper addresses two critical issues in pattern matching-based action detection: (1) efficiency of pattern search in 3D(More)
Human action recognition is an important yet challenging task. Human actions usually involve human-object interactions, highly articulated motions, high intra-class variations, and complicated temporal structures. The recently developed commodity depth sensors open up new possibilities of dealing with this problem by providing 3D depth data of the scene.(More)
The recently developed depth sensors, e.g., the Kinect sensor, have provided new opportunities for human-computer interaction (HCI). Although great progress has been made by leveraging the Kinect sensor, e.g. in human body tracking and body gesture recognition, robust hand gesture recognition remains an open problem. Compared to the entire human body, the(More)
A visual word lexicon can be constructed by clustering primitive visual features, and a visual object can be described by a set of visual words. Such a "bag-of-words" representation has led to many significant results in various vision tasks including object recognition and categorization. However, in practice, the clustering of primitive visual features(More)
The recently developed depth sensors, e.g., the Kinect sensor, have provided new opportunities for human-computer interaction (HCI). Although great progress has been made by leveraging the Kinect sensor, e.g., in human body tracking, face recognition and human action recognition, robust hand gesture recognition remains an open problem. Compared to the(More)
Actions are spatiotemporal patterns. Similar to the sliding window-based object detection, action detection finds the reoccurrences of such spatiotemporal patterns through pattern matching, by handling cluttered and dynamic backgrounds and other types of action variations. We address two critical issues in pattern matching-based action detection: 1) the(More)
We propose to detect abnormal events via a sparse reconstruction over the normal bases. Given a collection of normal training examples, e.g., an image sequence or a collection of local spatio-temporal patches, we propose the sparse reconstruction cost (SRC) over the normal dictionary to measure the normalness of the testing sample. By introducing the prior(More)