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We reported previously that an N-acylthiourea derivative (TM-2-51) serves as a potent and isozyme-selective activator for human histone deacetylase 8 (HDAC8). To probe the molecular mechanism of the enzyme activation, we performed a detailed account of the steady-state kinetics, thermodynamics, molecular modeling, and cell biology studies. The steady-state(More)
Improving the therapeutic index of anticancer agents is an enormous challenge. Targeting decreases the side effects of the therapeutic agents by delivering the drugs to the intended destination. Nanocarriers containing the nuclear localizing peptide sequences (NLS) translocate to the cell nuclei. However, the nuclear localization peptides are nonselective(More)
Porous nickel and cobalt oxides were prepared using NiSO4.6H2O and anhydrous Co(CH3COO)2, a precursor other than alkoxides and cetyltrimethylammonium bromide as organic surfactant. The sonication method has been used for such synthesis. The surfactants were removed by calcination, as well as by solvent extraction and it is extent was examined by IR(More)
Using single-molecule approaches, we directly observed the dynamic interaction between HDAC8 and various ligands as well as conformational interconversions during the catalytic reaction. Statistical analysis identified key kinetic parameters, demonstrating that the enzymatic activity is highly sensitive to both minor variations in the ligand structures and(More)
Sirtuins are emerging as the key regulators of metabolism and aging, and their potential activators and inhibitors are being explored as therapeutics for improving health and treating associated diseases. Despite the global structural similarity among all seven isoforms of sirtuins (of which most of them catalyze the deacetylation reaction), SIRT5 is the(More)
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