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Nonviral gene delivery systems based on conventional high molecular weight chitosans are efficient as DNA vaccine delivery system, but have poor physical properties such as aggregated shapes, low solubility at neutral pH, high viscosity at concentrations used for in vivo delivery and a slow onset of action. Furthermore, Chitosan oligomers shorter than 14(More)
Tumour necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) exhibits potent antitumour activity via membrane receptors on cancer cells without deleterious side-effects for normal tissue. Unfortunately, like many other cancer types, breast cancer cells develop resistance to TRAIL; therefore, TRAIL-sensitising agents are currently being explored. In this(More)
A novel dicyclodextrinyl ditelluride (2-TeCD) compound was devised as a functional mimic of the glutathione peroxidase (GPX) enzymes that normally remove hydroperoxides from the cell. The GPX activity of the mimic was found to be 46.7 U microM(-1), which is 46 times as active as Ebselen, a well-known GPX mimic. A detailed steady-state kinetic study was(More)
For constructing a bifunctional antioxidative enzyme with both superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activities, a supramolecular artificial enzyme was successfully constructed by the self-assembly of the Mn(III)meso-tetra[1-(1-adamantyl methyl ketone)-4-pyridyl] porphyrin (MnTPyP-M-Ad) and cyclodextrin-based telluronic acid(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are involved in cell growth, differentiation, and death. Excessive amounts of ROS (e.g., O(2)(-), H(2)O(2), and HO) play a role in aging as well as in many human diseases. Superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) are critical antioxidant enzymes in living organisms. SOD catalyzes the dismutation of O(2)(-) to(More)
A novel approach involving the preparation of mannose-bearing chitosan microspheres with entrapping complexes of HBV DNA and PEI was developed to improve the delivery of DNA into antigen-presenting cells (APCs) after intramuscular (i.m.) injection. Compared with the traditional chitosan microspheres, the microspheres could quickly release intact and(More)
Glutathione peroxidase (GPX) protects cells against oxidative damage by catalyzing the reduction of hydroperoxides by glutathione (GSH). GPX therefore has potential therapeutic value as an antioxidant, but its pharmacological development has been limited because GPX uses a selenocysteine as its catalytic group and it is difficult to generate(More)
The antioxidant effect of selenium-containing single-chain Fv catalytic antibody (Se-scFv2F3), a new mimic of glutathione peroxidase, was confirmed using a model system in which cultured rat skin epidermal cells were injured by ultraviolet B (UVB). The cell damage was characterized in terms of lipid peroxidation of the cells, cell viability, and cell(More)
Enzymes, highly evolved machinery developed by nature, catalyse reactions with formidable efficiency and specificity under mild conditions. Considerable efforts have been devoted for several decades on the development of enzyme-like catalysts with tailored properties by rationally manipulating natural and artificially synthesized host molecules. One of the(More)
The antioxidant activity of a novel artificial glutathione peroxidase-like enzyme, selenium-containing glutathione 5-transferase from Lucilia cuprina (seleno-LuGST1-1), was studied by using a ferrous sulfate/ascorbate-induced mitochondrial damage model system. Swelling of mitochondria, lipid peroxidation, and cytochrome-c oxidase activity were selected to(More)