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Reports the generation of a library composed of UDP-GlcNAc/UDP-GalNAc and investigates the substrate specificity of Escherichia coli GlcNAc-1-P uridyltransferase GlmU.
N-Acetylglucosamine-1-phosphate uridyltransferase (GlmU) from Escherichia coli K12 is a bifunctional enzyme that catalyzes both the acetyltransfer and uridyltransfer reactions in the prokaryotic UDP-GlcNAc biosynthetic pathway. In this study, we report the broad substrate specificity of the pyrophosphorylase domain of GlmU during its uridyltransfer reaction… (More)
Uridine 5'-diphosphate-glucuronic acid (UDP-GlcA) and UDP-galacturonic acid (UDP-GalA), the unique carboxylic acid-formed sugar nucleotides, are key precursors involved in the biosynthesis of numerous cell components. Limited availability of those components has been hindering the development of efficient ways towards facile synthesis of bioactive glycans… (More)
A novel N-acetylglucosamine-1-phosphate pyrophosphorylase was identified from Campylobacter jejuni NCTC 11168. An unprecedented degree of substrate promiscuity has been revealed by systematic studies on its substrate specificities towards sugar-1-P and NTP. The yields of the synthetic reaction of seven kinds of sugar nucleotides catalyzed by the enzyme were… (More)
Guanosine 5'-diphosphate (GDP)-fucose is the indispensible donor substrate for fucosyltransferase-catalyzed synthesis of fucose-containing biomolecules, which have been found involving in various biological functions. In this work, the salvage pathway for GDP-fucose biosynthesis from Bacterioides fragilis was introduced into Escherichia coli. Besides, the… (More)
Nucleotide sugars are essential glycosyl donors for Leloir-type glycosyltransferases. The UDP-N-acetylgalactosamine pyrophosphorylase (UDP-GalNAc PP; AGX1) from Homo sapiens catalyzes the synthesis of UDP-N-acetylgalactosamine from N-acetylgalactosamine 1-phosphate and UTP. In this Letter, we systematically studied nucleotide substrate specificity of AGX1… (More)
Studies of rare ketoses have been hampered by a lack of efficient preparation methods. A convenient, efficient, and cost-effective platform for the facile synthesis of ketoses is described. This method enables the preparation of difficult-to-access ketopentoses and ketohexoses from common and inexpensive starting materials with high yield and purity and… (More)
N-Acetylglucosamine-1-phosphate uridyltransferase (GlmU) is a bifunctional enzyme that catalyzes both acetyltransfer and uridyltransfer reactions in the prokaryotic UDP-GlcNAc biosynthesis pathway. Our previous study demonstrated that the uridyltransferase domain of GlmU (tGlmU) exhibited a flexible substrate specificity, which could be further applied in… (More)
Here, we developed a general strategy for synthesizing homogeneous HA conjugates, and generated homogeneous HA-pNP, HA-biotin, and HA-oroxylin conjugates to investigate the relationships between HA chain length and its diverse biological functions.
The availability of uridine 5′-diphosphate N-acetylglucosamine (UDP-GlcNAc) is a prerequisite for the GlcNAc-transferase-catalyzed glycosylation reaction. UDP-GlcNAc has already been synthesized using an N-acetylhexosamine 1-kinase (NahK) and a GlcNAc-1-P uridyltransferase (truncated GlmU) and here, a fusion enzyme was constructed with truncated GlmU and… (More)