Junpei Kobayashi

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The effect of long-term denervation on neuromuscular recovery was studied in a rat hind limb model. The posterior tibial nerve was transected and repaired immediately or after denervation periods of 2 weeks, or 1, 3, 6, 9, or 12 months. Six months following reconstruction excellent axonal regeneration was seen across all nerve repairs irrespective of(More)
We report the case of a 52-year-old man with late-onset dentatorubral-pallidoluysian atrophy (DRPLA). MRI findings of late-onset DRPLA usually showed the involvement of cerebral white matter lesions with high intensity on T2-weighted images (WI), in addition to brainstem, globus pallidus, and thalamus. But our patient did not present with abnormal(More)
We report a novel missense mutation (G37V) in exon 2 of the superoxide dismutase-1 gene in a 63-years-old Japanese male with purely lower motor neuron disease. His disease duration was 14 months, and he died of respiratory failure. The disease in this patient with the G37V mutation showed a rapid progression, although patients with G37R mutation are known(More)
BACKGROUND Large clinical trials are lack of data on non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants for acute stroke patients. AIM To evaluate the choice of oral anticoagulants at acute hospital discharge in stroke patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation and clarify the underlying characteristics potentially affecting that choice using the multicenter(More)
Spinal segmental myoclonus is defined as a rare involuntary movement characterized by myoclonic jerks of spinal origin. We describe the case of a 62-year-old woman who developed spinal segmental myoclonus 4 months after undergoing cervical laminoplasty for ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament. Myoclonic jerks were observed in the upper(More)
Endosomal sorting required for transport (ESCRT) complexes orchestrate endo-lysosomal sorting of ubiquitinated proteins, multivesicular body formation and autophagic degradation. Defects in the ESCRT pathway have been implicated in many neurodegenerative diseases, but the underlying molecular mechanisms that link them to neurodegeneration remain unknown. In(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether (18)F-THK5351 PET can be used to visualize tau deposits in brain lesions in live patients with corticobasal syndrome (CBS). METHODS We evaluated the in vitro binding of (3)H-THK5351 in postmortem brain tissues from a patient with corticobasal degeneration (CBD). In clinical PET studies, (18)F-THK5351 retention in 5 patients(More)
AIM The aim of the study was to determine clinical and genetic characteristics of Japanese patients with hyperekplexia. METHOD Clinical courses, responses to antiepileptic drugs, outcomes, and genetic testing were investigated in 17 Japanese patients (nine males, eight females, median age 1y, range birth-45y) with hyperekplexia. RESULTS In all patients,(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The characteristics of reverse magnetic resonance angiography and diffusion-weighted imaging (MRA-DWI) mismatch (RMM), defined as a large DWI lesion in the absence of major artery occlusion (MAO), remain unknown, especially in patients treated with intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA). METHODS Patients with(More)