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Face recognition under viewpoint and illumination changes is a difficult problem, so many researchers have tried to solve this problem by producing the pose- and illumination- invariant feature. Zhu et al. [26] changed all arbitrary pose and illumination images to the frontal view image to use for the invariant feature. In this scheme, preserving identity(More)
In this paper, we present a new information-theoretic approach to image segmentation. We cast the segmentation problem as the maximization of the mutual information between the region labels and the image pixel intensities, subject to a constraint on the total length of the region boundaries. We assume that the probability densities associated with the(More)
In this paper, we introduce a novel approach to automatically detect salient regions in an image. Our approach consists of global and local features, which complement each other to compute a saliency map. The first key idea of our work is to create a saliency map of an image by using a linear combination of colors in a high-dimensional color space. This is(More)
When segmenting images of low quality or with missing data, statistical prior information about the shapes of the objects to be segmented can significantly aid the segmentation process. However, defining probability densities in the space of shapes is an open and challenging problem. In this paper, we propose a nonparametric shape prior model for image(More)
Recent advances in saliency detection have utilized deep learning to obtain high level features to detect salient regions in a scene. These advances have demonstrated superior results over previous works that utilize hand-crafted low level features for saliency detection. In this paper, we demonstrate that hand-crafted features can provide complementary(More)
In this paper, we present a novel information theoretic approach to image segmentation. We cast the segmentation problem as the maximization of the mutual information between the region labels and the image pixel intensities, subject to a constraint on the total length of the region boundaries. We assume that the probability densities associated with the(More)
Temporal information has useful features for recognizing facial expressions. However, to manually design useful features requires a lot of effort. In this paper, to reduce this effort, a deep learning technique, which is regarded as a tool to automatically extract useful features from raw data, is adopted. Our deep network is based on two different models.(More)
In previous work a novel information-theoretic approach was introduced for calculating the activation map for fMRI analysis [Tsai et al , 1999]. In that work the use of mutual information as a measure of activation resulted in a nonparametric calculation of the activation map. Nonparametric approaches are attractive as the implicit assumptions are milder(More)
A new information-theoretic approach is presented for analyzing fMRI data to calculate the brain activation map. The method is based on a formulation of the mutual information between two w aveforms{ the fMRI temporal response of a voxel and the experimental protocol timeline. Scores based on mutual information are generated for all voxels and then used to(More)
The authors present a robust face recognition system for large-scale data sets taken under uncontrolled illumination variations. The proposed face recognition system consists of a novel illumination-insensitive preprocessing method, a hybrid Fourier-based facial feature extraction, and a score fusion scheme. First, in the preprocessing stage, a face image(More)