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Mixed lineage kinase domain-like protein (MLKL) was identified to function downstream of receptor interacting protein 3 (RIP3) in tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF)-induced necrosis (also called necroptosis). However, how MLKL functions to mediate necroptosis is unknown. By reconstitution of MLKL function in MLKL-knockout cells, we showed that the N-terminus of(More)
Mixed lineage kinase domain-like protein (Mlkl) was recently found to interact with receptor interacting protein 3 (Rip3) and to be essential for tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-induced programmed necrosis (necroptosis) in cultured cell lines. We have generated Mlkl-deficient mice by transcription activator-like effector nucleases (TALENs)-mediated gene(More)
Necrotic death of macrophages has long been known to be present in atherosclerotic lesions but has not been studied. We examined the role of receptor interacting protein (RIP) 3, a mediator of necrotic cell death, in atherosclerosis and found that RIP3(-/-);Ldlr(-/-) mice were no different from RIP3(+/+);Ldlr(-/-) mice in early atherosclerosis but had(More)
Cell death and inflammation in the proximal tubules are the hallmarks of cisplatin-induced AKI, but the mechanisms underlying these effects have not been fully elucidated. Here, we investigated whether necroptosis, a type of programmed necrosis, has a role in cisplatin-induced AKI. We found that inhibition of any of the core components of the necroptotic(More)
The auto-phosphorylation of murine receptor-interacting protein 3 (Rip3) on Thr 231 and Ser 232 in the necrosome is required to trigger necroptosis. However, how Rip3 phosphorylation is regulated is still largely unknown. Here we identified protein phosphatase 1B (Ppm1b) as a Rip3 phosphatase and found that Ppm1b restricts necroptosis in two settings:(More)
Formation of multi-component signaling complex necrosomes is essential for tumor necrosis factor α (TNF)-induced programmed necrosis (also called necroptosis). However, the mechanisms of necroptosis are still largely unknown. We isolated a TNF-resistant L929 mutant cell line generated by retrovirus insertion and identified that disruption of the guanine(More)
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