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The social amoebae are exceptional in their ability to alternate between unicellular and multicellular forms. Here we describe the genome of the best-studied member of this group, Dictyostelium discoideum. The gene-dense chromosomes of this organism encode approximately 12,500 predicted proteins, a high proportion of which have long, repetitive amino acid(More)
ActRIA (or ALK2), one of the type I receptors of the transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) superfamily, can bind both activin and bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) in conjunction with the activin and BMP type II receptors, respectively. In mice, ActRIA is expressed primarily in the extraembryonic visceral endoderm before gastrulation and later in both(More)
Several distinct DNA fragments were subcloned from a sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) bacterial artificial chromosome clone 13I16 that was derived from a centromere. Three fragments showed significant sequence identity to either Ty3/gypsy- or Ty1/copia-like retrotransposons. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis revealed that the Ty1/copia-related DNA(More)
Lack of reliable techniques for chromosome identification is the major obstacle for cytogenetics research in plant species with large numbers of small chromosomes. To promote molecular cytogenetics research of potato (Solanum tuberosum, 2n = 4x = 48) we developed a bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) library of a diploid potato species S. bulbocastanum.(More)
Sst2 is the prototype for the newly recognized RGS (for regulators of G-protein signaling) family. Cells lacking the pheromone-inducible SST2 gene product fail to resume growth after exposure to pheromone. Conversely, overproduction of Sst2 markedly enhanced the rate of recovery from pheromone-induced arrest in the long-term halo bioassay and detectably(More)
CONTEXT Usual drug-prescribing practices may not consider the effects of renal insufficiency on the disposition of certain drugs. Decision aids may help optimize prescribing behavior and reduce medical error. OBJECTIVE To determine if a system application for adjusting drug dose and frequency in patients with renal insufficiency, when merged with a(More)
BACKGROUND High doses of estrogen can promote tumor regression in postmenopausal women with hormone-dependent breast cancer, but the mechanism is unknown. We investigated the molecular basis of this process by using LTED cells, which were derived by growing MCF-7 breast cancer cells under long-term (6-24 months) estrogen-deprived conditions. METHODS We(More)
Certain fluorescent dyes, previously reported to localize mitochondria, when used at higher concentrations also localize a continuous net-like structure in both living and glutaraldehyde-fixed cells. A similar reticular structure can be detected by phase-contrast microscopy and whole-mount electron microscopy in potassium permanganate-fixed cells as well.(More)
The tissue distribution of mRNA encoding five somatostatin receptor subtypes, SSTR1, SSTR2, SSTR3, SSTR4, and SSTR5, was determined in adult rat tissues by solution hybridization/nuclease protection analysis using sequence-specific cRNA probes. In the central nervous system, SSTR1 and SSTR2 mRNA were expressed widely, with highest levels in hippocampus,(More)
Transformed cell cultures of Salvia miltiorrhiza were established by infecting sterile plantlets with Agrobacterium tumefaciens strain C58. The transformed cells in suspension formed macroscopic clumps of cell aggregates up to 2-3 cm in size rather than homogeneous cell suspensions. These transformed cells grew well in hormone-free media. It was found that(More)