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Monascin (1) constitutes one of the azaphilonoid pigments in the extracts of Monascus pilosus-fermented rice (red-mold rice). Compound 1 was evaluated for its anti-tumor-initiating activity via oral administration on the two-stage carcinogenesis of mouse skin tumor induced by peroxynitrite (ONOO-; PN) or by ultraviolet light B (UVB) as an initiator and(More)
As a part of screening studies for cancer chemopreventive agents (anti-tumor promoters) 33 Dryopteris phlorophenone derivatives have been evaluated. The compounds tested comprised of monomeric acylphloroglucinols (e.g. desaspidinol, aspidinol) as well as dimeric (e.g. aspidin, desaspidin), trimeric (e.g. filixic acids), and tetrameric (e.g. dryocrassin)(More)
Potent anti-tumor promoter activity has been found in the nonpolar extracts of the root of "Ashita-Ba", Angelica keiskei Koidz. (Umbelliferae), which is eaten as a vegetable in Japan. From this active fraction, two angular furanocoumarins, archangelicin (1) and 8(S),9(R)-9-angeloyloxy-8,9-dihydrooroselol (2), three linear furanocoumarins, psoralen (3),(More)
A study of the chemical constituents of the stems of Derris trifoliata Lour. (Leguminosae) led to the isolation and identification of one new rotenoid, 6aalpha,12aalpha-12a-hydroxyelliptone ( 3), together with five other known rotenoids. In a search for novel cancer chemopreventive agents (anti-tumor promoters), we carried out a primary screening of five of(More)
Since glycyrrhetinic acid was proved to suppress tumor promoter effects, several oleanane-type triterpenes which were chemically derived from oleanolic acid and hederagenin were tested in vitro and in vivo against the action of tumor promoter, 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate. By in vitro experiment monitoring with(More)
Tubeimoside 1, one of the new triterpenoid saponins from the bulb of Bolbostemma paniculatum (Maxim) Franquet, had an anti-inflammatory effect on mouse ear edema induced by arachidonic acid and 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA). Furthermore, a potent anti-tumorigenic effect of tubeimoside 1 was observed in 2-stage carcinogenesis of mouse skin after(More)
Ultraviolet light is the most common cause of skin cancers in humans and several effects of ultraviolet light B (UVB: 290-320 nm) are thought to contribute to skin photocarcinogenesis. The generation of free radicals and related oxidants produced by UVB exposure, result in photocarcinogenesis by directly damaging DNA. On the other side, activating of(More)
Licochalcone A, 3-a,a-dimethylallyl-4,4'-dihydroxy-6-methoxychalcone, from the root of Glycyrrhiza inflata Beta (Leguminosae) (Xin-jiang liquorice) showed anti-inflammatory action towards mouse ear edema induced by arachidonic acid (AA) and 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate (TPA) by topical application. Anti-tumour promoting action of licochalcone A was(More)
Gallic acid (1) and methyl gallate (2) were isolated from Juca, a Brazilian folk medicine, fruits of Caesalpinia ferrea MART (Leguminosae), decreased significantly the average number of papillomas per mouse in the experiment of the promoting effects of 12-O-tetra- decanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) on skin tumor formation in mice initiated with(More)
Sesamin is a major lignan constituent of sesame and possesses multiple functions such as antihypertensive, cholesterol-lowering, lipid-lowering and anticancer activities. Several groups have previously reported that sesamin induces growth inhibition in human cancer cells. However, the nature of this growth inhibitory mechanism remains unknown. The authors(More)