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AUG-unrelated translation initiation was found in an insect picorna-like virus, Plautia stali intestine virus (PSIV). The positive-strand RNA genome of the virus contains two nonoverlapping open reading frames (ORFs). The capsid protein gene is located in the 3'-proximal ORF and lacks an AUG initiation codon. We examined the translation mechanism and the(More)
The complete genome of an insect picorna-like virus, Plautia stali intestine virus (PSIV), was cloned and sequenced. The genome had 8797 nucleotides including two consecutive long open reading frames. The deduced amino acid sequence of the first open reading frame (nucleotides 571 to 6003) contained conserved sequence motifs for picornavirus RNA helicase,(More)
We determined the complete genome sequence of Himetobi P virus (HiPV), an insect picorna-like virus, which was isolated from the small brown planthopper, Laodelphax striatellus. The genome of HiPV consists of 9,275 nucleotides excluding the poly (A) tail, and contains two large open reading frames (ORFs), which were separated by a 176-nucleotide noncoding(More)
Proper neutrophil migration into inflammatory sites ensures host defense without tissue damage. Phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI(3)K) and its lipid product phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate (PtdIns(3,4,5)P(3)) regulate cell migration, but the role of PtdIns(3,4,5)P(3)-degrading enzymes in this process is poorly understood. Here, we show that Src(More)
Protein synthesis is believed to be initiated with the amino acid methionine because the AUG translation initiation codon of mRNAs is recognized by the anticodon of initiator methionine transfer RNA. A group of positive-stranded RNA viruses of insects, however, lacks an AUG translation initiation codon for their capsid protein gene, which is located at the(More)
PTEN is a tumor suppressor gene mutated in many human cancers, and its expression is reduced or absent in almost half of hepatoma patients. We used the Cre-loxP system to generate a hepatocyte-specific null mutation of Pten in mice (AlbCrePten(flox/flox) mice). AlbCrePten(flox/flox) mice showed massive hepatomegaly and steatohepatitis with triglyceride(More)
Fukuyama-type congenital muscular dystrophy (FCMD), one of the most common autosomal-recessive disorders in Japan, is characterized by congenital muscular dystrophy associated with brain malformation due to a defect during neuronal migration. Through positional cloning, we previously identified the gene for FCMD, which encodes the fukutin protein. Here we(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) has been known as a reagent for improving lipid metabolism and inflammation. Hepatocyte-specific Pten-deficient mice exhibit hepatic lesions analogous to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Therefore, we administered EPA to Pten-deficient mice to investigate the mechanisms of NASH. METHODS Pten-deficient mice(More)
The predominant pathway for phosphatidylinositol (4,5)-bisphosphate (PI(4,5)P(2)) synthesis is thought to be phosphorylation of phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate at the 5 position of the inositol ring by type I phosphatidylinositol phosphate kinases (PIPK): PIPKIalpha, PIPKIbeta, and PIPKIgamma. PIPKIgamma has been shown to play a role in PI(4,5)P(2)(More)
In Drosophila, planar cell polarity (PCP) molecules such as Dachsous (Ds) may function as global directional cues directing the asymmetrical localization of PCP core proteins such as Frizzled (Fz). However, the relationship between Ds asymmetry and Fz localization in the eye is opposite to that in the wing, thereby causing controversy regarding how these(More)