Junko Nishioka

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Based on the hypothesis that mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and strokelike episodes (MELAS) are caused by impaired vasodilation in an intracerebral artery, the authors evaluated the effects of administering l-arginine, a nitric oxide precursor. Patients were administered L-arginine intravenously at the acute phase or orally at the(More)
OBJECTIVE Generalized osteoarthritis (OA) is a common disease, more often affecting women than men. Although genetic factors are known to be the major risk factor, the genes related to its development are as yet undetermined. We investigated the association between estrogen receptor gene polymorphisms and generalized OA. METHODS Pvu II and Xba I(More)
We investigated the endothelial function in MELAS patients and also evaluated the therapeutic effects of L-arginine. Concentrations of L-arginine during the acute phase of MELAS were significantly lower than in control subjects. L-arginine infusions significantly improved all symptoms suggesting stroke within 30 min, and oral administration significantly(More)
To investigate whether di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) affects the production of inflammatory cytokines by human macrophages. Differentiated macrophage-like THP-1 cells were exposed to 200 μM DEHP for 3 h, followed by incubation in the presence or absence of opsonized zymosan A, and the concentrations of TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-8, and IL-6 in the culture media(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) from Japan have antibodies to Klebsiella pneumoniae and Proteus mirabilis and to assess whether such antibodies are activated against peptides sharing sequences with HLA-B27. METHODS Serum samples from 152 Japanese patients, 52 with AS, 50(More)
STUDY DESIGN Immunohistologic staining of human intervertebral discs collected at the time of surgery (100 intervertebral discs from 80 patients) and 10 discs collected from 7 cadavers within 12 hours of death was performed using antimatrix metalloproteinase-3 monoclonal antibody and antitissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 monoclonal antibody. (More)
The clinical features of a group of 79 patients with older age onset rheumatoid arthritis (ORA) were compared with those of a group of 414 patients with younger age onset rheumatoid arthritis. The ORA group contained approximately equal numbers of men and women, were less rheumatoid factor positive, had a raised erythrocyte sedimentation rate, lower HLA-DR4(More)
The effect of gallium-aluminum-arsenide laser irradiation on the proliferation of human lymphocytes in culture in response to mitogenic stimulation by phytohemagglutinin was investigated. Mitogenic proliferation was inhibited by the laser irradiation at a low energy fluence and enhanced at a high energy fluence. The results indicate that low-watt laser(More)
BACKGROUND MELAS (mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes) (OMIM 540000) is the most dominant subtype of mitochondrial myopathy. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence, natural course, and severity of MELAS. METHODS A prospective cohort study of 96 Japanese patients with MELAS was followed between(More)
Tuberculin reactions were tested at the bilateral sites of the backs of sensitized guinea pigs. Laser irradiation at an energy fluence of 3.6 J at one site of reaction suppressed the reaction not only at the irradiated site but also at the contralateral nonirradiated site. These phenomena were observed when mononuclear cells were dominant in the(More)