Junko Nakamura

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Three new cucurbitane-type triterpene called karavilagenins A, B, and C and five new cucurbitane-type triterpene glycosides called karavilosides I, II, III, IV, and V were isolated from the dried fruit of Sri Lanka Momordica charantia L. (Cucurbitaceae) together with two known cucurbitane-type triterpenes,(More)
Because vascular endothelial cell growth factor (VEGF) and transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) are both involved in cellular growth and differentiation, we examined whether VEGF modifies TGF-beta signaling cascade in human umbilical cord vein endothelial cells (HUVEC). Production of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), which is under the(More)
Only a small number of glycoproteins has been reported to contain N-linked sugar chains with GalNAcbeta1-->4GlcNAc structure. Our previous studies showed that most glycoproteins from bovine milk fat globule membranes contain beta-N-acetylgalactosaminylated N-linked sugar chains [Sato et al., J. Biochem. 114 (1993) 890-900]. In order to study how widely this(More)
Sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca2+-ATPase was purified from dog cardiac and rabbit skeletal muscle using Triton X-100 at optimal ratios of 0.5 for cardiac and 0.5 to 1.0 for skeletal SR. The yields of Ca2+-ATPase were 4 to 5 and 1 to 2.2 mg/100 mg of cardiac and skeletal SR protein, respectively. The enzyme activities were 547 +/- 67 mumol ADP/mg/h for(More)
Metal-mediated base pairs formed by the coordination of metal ions to natural or artificial bases impart unique chemical and physical properties to nucleic acids and have attracted considerable interest in the field of nanodevices. Ag(I) ions were found to mediate DNA polymerase catalyzed primer extension through the formation of a C-Ag(I)-T base pair, as(More)
Migration and tube formation of endothelial cells are important in angiogenesis and require a coordinated response to the extra-cellular matrix (ECM) and growth factor. Since focal adhesion kinase (FAK) integrates signals from both ECM and growth factor, we investigated its role in angiogenesis. Type I and II collagens are fibril-forming collagens and(More)
The effect of thymosin against tumor progression was examined in mice immunosuppressed by cytostatics or X-ray irradiation. When pretreated with cytostatic agents, such as 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) or BCNU, or by X-ray, and then inoculated with P388 or L1210 leukemias, mice died rapidly within a few days. In these systems, thymosin α1 given concomitantly with(More)
The effects of ATP on Ca2+ binding in the absence of added Mg2+ to the purified sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase were studied at pH 7.0 and 0 degrees C. ATP increased the number of Ca2+-binding sites of the enzyme from 2 to 3 mol per mol of phosphorylatable enzyme. The association constant for the ATP-induced Ca2+ binding was 4 X 10(5) M-1, which was not(More)
Canine cardiac sarcoplasmic reticulum is phosphorylated by adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate (cAMP)-dependent and by Ca2+-calmodulin-dependent protein kinases on an Mr 22 000 protein called phospholamban. Both types of phosphorylation are associated with an increase in the initial rate of Ca2+ transport. Thus, phospholamban appears to be a regulator for the(More)