Learn More
The differential diagnosis of autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) based solely on symptomatic and behavioral assessments can be difficult, even for experts. Thus, the development of a neuroimaging marker that differentiates ASDs from ADHD would be an important contribution to this field. We assessed the(More)
The mismatch negativity (MMN; and its magnetic counterpart, MMNm) is widely used to assess early-stage auditory cortical function in humans and its impairment in various neuropsychiatric disorders. To establish MMN as a useful clinical tool for objective monitoring of auditory cortical function in an individual, we investigated the effect of gender and(More)
Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) studies have reported that prefrontal hemodynamic dysfunction during executive function tasks may be a promising biomarker of psychiatric disorders, because its portability and noninvasiveness allow easy measurements in clinical settings. Here, we investigated the degree to which prefrontal NIRS signals are genetically(More)
  • 1