Junko Kominami

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Agaricus bisporus agglutinin (ABA) is known as a useful lectin to detect T-antigen (Core1) disaccharide (Galbeta1-3GalNAcalpha) and related O-linked glycans. However, a recent X-ray crystallographic study revealed the presence of another intrinsic sugar-binding site, i.e., for GlcNAc. To confirm this possibility, detailed analysis was performed using two(More)
A re-investigation of the occurrence and taxonomic distribution of proteins built up of protomers consisting of two tandem arrayed domains equivalent to the GNA [Galanthus nivalis (snowdrop) agglutinin] revealed that these are widespread among monotyledonous plants. Phylogenetic analysis of the available sequences indicated that these proteins do not(More)
The amino acid sequence of mannose-binding lectin, named DB1, from the yam (Dioscorea batatas, synonym Dioscorea polystachya) tubers was determined. The lectin was composed of two isoforms DB1(Cys86) and DB1(Leu86) consisting of 108 amino acid residues with 90% sequence homology between them. DB1 showed a high sequence similarity to snowdrop (Galanthus(More)
Aleuria aurantia lectin (AAL) is widely used to estimate the extent of alpha1,6-fucosylated oligosaccharides and to fractionate glycoproteins for the detection of specific biomarkers for developmental antigens. Our previous studies have shown that Aspergillus oryzae lectin (AOL) reflects the extent of alpha1,6-fucosylation more clearly than AAL. However,(More)
L-rhamnose-binding lectins (RBLs) have been isolated from various kinds of fish and invertebrates and interact with various kinds of bacteria, suggesting RBLs are involved in various inflammatory reactions. We investigated the effect of RBLs from chum salmon (Oncorhynchus keta), named CSL1, 2 and 3, on the peritoneal macrophage cell line from rainbow trout(More)
BACKGROUND Galectins form a large family of animal lectins, individual members having variously divergent carbohydrate-recognition domains (CRDs) responsible for extensive physiological phenomena. Sugar-binding affinities of galectins were previously investigated by us using frontal affinity chromatography (FAC) with a relatively small set (i.e., 41) of(More)
Ricinus communis agglutinin I (RCA120) is considered a versatile tool for the detection of galactose-containing oligosaccharides. However, possible contamination by the highly toxic isolectin 'ricin' has become a critical issue for RCA120's continued use. From a practical viewpoint, it is necessary to find an effective substitute for RCA120. For this(More)
Lectin-based structural glycomics requires a search for useful lectins and their biochemical characterization to profile complex features of glycans. In this paper, two GlcNAc-binding lectins are reported with their detailed oligosaccharide specificity. One is a classic plant lectin, Griffonia simplicifolia lectin-II (GSL-II), and the other is a novel(More)
A rhamnose-binding lectin, named SFL, was isolated from the eggs of ayu (sweet fish, Plecoglossus altivelis) by affinity and ion-exchange chromatographies. SFL revealed 287 amino acid residues with 3 tandemly repeated domains, and contained 8 half-Cys residues in each domain. The lectin was shown to have a highly specific binding affinity to(More)
Galectins, a group of beta-galactoside-binding lectins, are involved in multiple functions through specific binding to their oligosaccharide ligands. No previous work has focused on their interaction with glycosaminoglycans (GAGs). In the present work, affinities of established members of human galectins toward a series of GAGs were investigated, using(More)