Junko Kikuchi

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BACKGROUND The polycomb group genes Bmi1 polycomb ring finger oncogene (Bmi1) and enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2) function as transcriptional repressors involved in gene silencing and in the malignant transformation and biologic aggressiveness of several human carcinomas. In the current study, the authors evaluated Bmi1 and EZH2 protein expression in(More)
CD133 is a membrane glycoprotein containing five transmembrane loops. Previous reports suggest that a CD133-positive subpopulation of multipotent cells with extensive proliferative and self-renewal characteristics has biological features of a cancer stem cell. In addition, the presence of CD133-positive cells was associated with a significantly poorer(More)
BACKGROUND Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) is an established technique for measuring antibiotic concentrations in the epithelial lining fluid (ELF) of the bronchiolar and alveolar regions; however, the results may not reflect concentrations in bronchial regions. Bronchoscopic microsampling (BMS) is a technique that makes it possible to obtain multiple samples(More)
OBJECTIVES Cytological examination of samples obtained by bronchoscopy is a useful method for establishing the diagnosis of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, the utility of a highly sensitive method for the detection of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation in the cytological specimens has not been fully evaluated. METHODS We(More)
BACKGROUND Minichromosome maintenance (MCM) proteins 2-7 form a complex essential for the initiation of DNA replication. In the process to screen expression changes related to growth suppression of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells by a cJun dominant-negative mutant, we found that reduced expression of MCM4 was correlated with this growth(More)
EZH2 (enhancer of zeste homolog 2) is the catalytic subunit of PRC2 (polycomb repressive complex 2), which mediates histone methyltransferase activity and functions as transcriptional repressor involved in gene silencing. EZH2 is involved in malignant transformation and biological aggressiveness of several human malignancies. We previously demonstrated that(More)
Recent discoveries have revealed that human cancer involves aberrant epigenetic alterations. We and others have previously shown that the histone methyltransferase EZH2, the catalytic subunit of polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2), is frequently overexpressed in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and that an EZH2 inhibitor, 3-deazaneplanocin A, inhibits(More)
A 72-year-old man, who had been treated pneumothorax 50 years ago, visited a physician complaining of dyspnea after thoracic sympathetic nerve block for postherpetic neuralgia. The patient was diagnosed as pneumothorax, and was consulted to our hospital. Clinical sign and the chest radiography suggested tension hemopneumothorax, and the chest drainage was(More)
The BH3-only members of the Bcl-2 protein family have been proposed to play a key role in the control of apoptosis and in the initiation of the apoptotic pathways. In this study, we evaluated the expression of Bim, Noxa, and Puma in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). A total of 135 surgically resected NSCLCs were immunohistochemically assessed for Bim,(More)
INTRODUCTION Although paclitaxel with carboplatin and thoracic radiotherapy has improved survival for patients with locally advanced unresectable non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), the optimal dose of paclitaxel has not been well defined in Japan. This study was conducted to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and recommended dose (RD) of paclitaxel(More)