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Moyamoya disease (MMD) shows progressive cerebral angiopathy characterized by bilateral internal carotid artery stenosis and abnormal collateral vessels. Although ∼15% of MMD cases are familial, the MMD gene(s) remain unknown. A genome-wide association study of 785 720 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) was performed, comparing 72 Japanese MMD patients(More)
Pyridoxine dependent seizure (PDS) is a disorder of neonates or infants with autosomal recessive inheritance characterized by seizures, which responds to pharmacological dose of pyridoxine. Recently, mutations have been identified in the ALDH7A1 gene in Caucasian families with PDS. To elucidate further the genetic background of PDS, we screened for ALDH7A1(More)
AbstractAutosomal-dominant, nonsyndromic hearing impairment is clinically and genetically heterogeneous. We encountered a large Japanese pedigree in which nonsyndromic hearing loss was inherited in an autosomal-dominant fashion. A genome-wide linkage study indicated linkage to the DFNA2 locus on chromosome 1p34. Mutational analysis of KCNQ4 encoding a(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether the devastating outcome of neonatal-onset glycine encephalopathy (NKH) could be improved by instituting treatment immediately at birth rather than after symptoms are already well established. METHODS A newborn with NKH diagnosed prenatally following the neonatal death of a previous affected sibling was treated from birth(More)
We studied the de novo and salvage pathways of DNA synthesis in sphere-forming neural stem cells obtained from mouse embryos by a neurosphere method. The former pathway needs folic acid (FA) for nucleotide biosynthesis, while the latter requires deoxyribonucleosides (dNS). We examined the proliferative activity of sphere-forming cells in E14.5 embryos by(More)
OBJECTIVE It is currently problematic to confirm the clinical diagnosis of glycine encephalopathy, requiring either invasive liver biopsy for enzymatic analysis of the glycine cleavage system or exhaustive mutation analysis. Because the glycine cleavage system breaks down glycine generating carbon dioxide, we suppose that the glycine cleavage system(More)
BACKGROUND Non-ketotic hyperglycinaemia (NKH) is an inborn error of metabolism characterised by accumulation of glycine in body fluids and various neurological symptoms. NKH is caused by deficiency of the glycine cleavage multienzyme system with three specific components encoded by GLDC, AMT and GCSH. Most patients are deficient of the enzymatic activity of(More)
Mabry syndrome, hyperphosphatasia mental retardation syndrome (HPMRS), is an autosomal recessive disease characterized by increased serum levels of alkaline phosphatase (ALP), severe developmental delay, intellectual disability, and seizures. Recent studies have revealed mutations in PIGV, PIGW, PIGO, PGAP2, and PGAP3 (genes that encode molecules of the(More)
A 17-day-old Japanese boy was transferred to the hospital because of vomiting and impaired consciousness. His external genitalia was pigmented associated with small penis and penoscrotal hypospadias. He was diagnosed as suffering from adrenal deficiency according to severe electrolyte abnormality, moderate hypoglycemia, metabolic acidosis and extremely(More)
AbstractGlycine encephalopathy (GE) (non-ketotic hyperglycinemia) is an autosomal recessive neurometabolic disease caused by defective activity of the glycine cleavage system. Clinically, patients present usually in the neonatal period with hypotonia, encephalopathy, hiccups and breath arrests with or without overt seizures. GE is considered rare, but its(More)