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The purpose of the present study was to determine whether lesions of areas projected to by the central amygdaloid nucleus (ACE) would disrupt the classical conditioning of autonomic and/or behavioral emotional responses. The areas studied included 3 projection targets of the ACE: the lateral hypothalamic area (LH), midbrain central gray (CG) region, and bed(More)
In previous experiments we implicated projections from the medial geniculate body (MG) to a subcortical field, involving portions of the posterior caudate-putamen and amygdala, in the classical conditioning of emotional responses to acoustic stimuli in the rat. In the present series of experiments we examined whether intrinsic neurons in the subcortical(More)
We have previously found that the coupling of changes in autonomic activity and emotional behavior to acoustic stimuli through classical fear conditioning survives bilateral ablation of auditory cortex but is disrupted by bilateral lesions of the medial geniculate nucleus or inferior colliculus in rats. Auditory fear conditioning thus appears to be mediated(More)
The contribution of intrinsic neurons in the medial geniculate body (MG) of the rat to the classical conditioning of emotional responses to acoustic stimuli was examined. Injection of ibotenic acid, which destroys cell bodies but not axons of passage, into the MG disrupted the conditioned changes in mean arterial pressure and emotional behavior elicited by(More)
An acoustic stimulus previously paired with footshock elicits stereotyped increases in arterial pressure and heart rate and induces freezing behavior in freely behaving rats. Although the arterial pressure and freezing responses differ between groups given paired and random presentations of the tone and shock, the increases in heart rate do not. These(More)
The present study examined whether destruction of intrinsic neurons in the lateral hypothalamus of the rat would disrupt the acquisition of classically conditioned changes in arterial pressure. Ibotenic acid, a cellular toxin which spares axons of passage, was injected bilaterally in the hypothalamus either medial or lateral to the fornix. After 2 weeks the(More)
 The efficacy of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) shunting surgery for normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) is difficult to predict. The CSF removal test is useful but quantification of the results is difficult. A method to quantitatively measure cerebral blood flow (CBF) by single photon emission computed tomography twice within 30 min after double injection of(More)
Cardiovascular responses elicited by electrical stimulation of the central amygdaloid nucleus were examined in awake and anesthetized rats. Stimulation through chronically implanted electrodes evoked increases in arterial pressure and heart rate in awake, freely behaving rats. The responses, which were dependent upon the frequency and the intensity of the(More)
Transduction of the suicide gene of Herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase (Hsv-tk) into glioma cells or neural stem cells combined with pro-drug ganciclovir (GCV) treatment has been effective to treat experimental glioma in the rat through the bystander effect. Bone marrow stromal cells (MSCs) in the adult bone marrow have tropism for brain tumors and act(More)