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Powdered semiconductor TiO2 has a photocatalytic bactericidal capacity on some kinds of bacteria, but its mechanism still remains unclear. The mode of its photocatalytic bactericidal action on the mutans group of streptococci was investigated. Powdered TiO2 had a bactericidal capacity on all serotypes of mutans streptococci. Streptococcus sobrinus AHT was(More)
Photosystem II is vulnerable to light damage. The reaction center-binding D1 protein is impaired during excessive illumination and is degraded and removed from photosystem II. Using isolated spinach thylakoids, we investigated the relationship between light-induced unstacking of thylakoids and damage to the D1 protein. Under light stress, thylakoids were(More)
Moderate heat stress (40 degrees C, 30 min) on spinach thylakoids induced cleavage of the D1 protein, producing an N-terminal 23-kDa fragment, a C-terminal 9-kDa fragment, and aggregation of the D1 protein. A homologue of Arabidopsis FtsH2 protease, which is responsible for degradation of the damaged D1 protein, was abundant in the stroma thylakoids. Two(More)
Monitoring the feeding behavior of animals in the wild is key to understanding their energetics and the influence of the environment on their survival. Recently, a novel acceleration transmitter that processes acceleration data onboard and outputs identification results has been developed by AquaSound Inc. (Kobe, Japan) to investigate feeding biology in(More)
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