Junkichi Hama

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BACKGROUND Nitrates dilate coronary arteries, ameliorate myocardial ischemia, minimize left ventricular remodeling, and reduce mortality in patients with acute myocardial infarction. However, the effects of long-term treatment with nitrates on cardiac events in patients with healed myocardial infarction are not known. METHODS AND RESULTS A total of 1,002(More)
The effects of beta-blocker treatment on hemodynamics were studied in relation to plasma atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) levels in 17 outpatients with essential hypertension. Administration of propranolol for twelve weeks to untreated subjects resulted in a significant (P < 0.001) rise in plasma ANP levels (from 37.9 +/- 21.2 to 66.7 +/- 46.2 pg/mL, mean(More)
To investigate the aldosterone responsiveness of genetically hypertensive rats, we compared characteristics of renal cytosolic aldosterone receptors from the M strain of stroke-prone, spontaneously hypertensive rats (M-SHRSP) with normotensive Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY). In M-SHRSP, blood pressure was elevated significantly at 6 wk of age, when their plasma(More)
BACKGROUND The administration of calcium antagonists to patients with healed myocardial infarction is a controversial treatment. This study was conducted to elucidate the effect of short-acting nifedipine and diltiazem on cardiac events in patients with healed myocardial infarction. METHODS AND RESULTS A controlled clinical open trial of 1115 patients(More)
The efficacy of combining antiplatelet agents with low doses of aspirin to prevent cardiac events in patients with myocardial infarction was examined. A total of 1,083 patients with prior myocardial infarction were randomly divided into those who were (618) and were not (465) treated with antiplatelet agents, and observed for 12.5 +/- 18.5 months. Those(More)
BACKGROUND Although fever is a common accompanying feature of acute aortic dissection, few reports have been published concerning the duration and character of this fever. METHODS AND RESULTS The mean duration of fever was calculated for a total of 57 patients with acute aortic dissection, who were then divided into 2 groups: those with duration of fever(More)
To examine whether protein kinase C (PKC) activation is essential for the induction of cardiac myocyte hypertrophy caused by alpha1-adrenergic stimulation, we investigated the hypertrophic effect of phenylephrine in PKC down-regulated and non-treated cultured cardiac myocytes obtained from neonatal Sprague-Dawley rat ventricles. The treatment with 10 nmol/L(More)
Arterial injury by a balloon catheter produces marked smooth muscle cell proliferation and the participation of angiotensin II in this response has been suggested. In this study, we examined the effect of a novel angiotensin II type I receptor antagonist, TCV-116, on neointimal formation after rat carotid artery balloon injury. Oral administration of(More)
1. In the present study, we examined the effect of a novel angiotensin II type I receptor antagonist, TCV-116, on carotid neointimal formation after balloon injury in SHR and WKY rats. 2. Oral administration of TCV-116 at a dose of 10 mg/kg per day reduced not only systolic blood pressure but also neointimal formation after carotid balloon injury. TCV-116(More)