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It has been shown that human monocytes express monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), an inflammatory factor, in response to non-fibrillar beta-amyloid protein. Reactive microglia and inflammatory factors were reported to be present in beta-amyloid deposits (senile plaques) in Alzheimer's disease, suggesting the presence of MCP-1 in senile plaques. To(More)
RANTES (regulated on activation normal T cell expressed and secreted) is one of the natural ligands for the chemokine receptor CCR5 and potently suppresses in vitro replication of the R5 strains of HIV-1, which use CCR5 as a coreceptor. Previous studies showed that peripheral blood mononuclear cells or CD4(+) lymphocytes obtained from different individuals(More)
It has been reported that many tau sites in neurofibrillary tangles (NFT) are abnormally phosphorylated. We investigated the phosphorylation of tau in the hippocampus of nondemented patients and Alzheimer's disease patients by immunostaining with five site-specific antibodies against phosphorylated tau. In the pretangle stage, tau in neuropil threads was(More)
Thrombotic cardiovascular diseases increase in incidence in the elderly, a tendency dependent on the age-related changes in vascular and hemostatic systems that include platelets, coagulation, and fibrinolytic factors as well as in the endothelium. The hypercoagulability of and advanced sclerotic changes in the vascular wall may contribute to the increased(More)
The recent immunological demonstration of advanced glycation end products (AGE) of the Maillard reaction in several human tissues suggests a possible involvement of AGE in the aging process. We previously prepared a monoclonal anti-AGE antibody (6D12) which recognized N epsilon-(carboxymethyl)lysine. We examined, immunohistochemically, the effect of aging(More)
Macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-1 alpha, also known as LD78, is a member of a family of chemokines which recruit leukocytes to sites of inflammation. We have shown by Northern blot analyses that MIP-1 alpha mRNA is expressed in several human tissues, including brain. To explore MIP-1 alpha distribution in brain tissue, we immunohistochemically(More)
Patients with HIV infection are frequently infected with hepatitis viruses, which are presently the major cause of mortality in HIV-infected patients after the widespread use of highly active antiretrovirus therapy. We previously reported that approximately 20% of HIV-positive Japanese patients were also infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV). Hepatitis B(More)
One of the main complications in cirrhosis is haemorrhage from oesophageal varices. It is serious and often fatal, especially in cirrhotic patients with haemophilia. We describe the use of endoscopic variceal ligation (EVL) for prophylaxis of oesophageal variceal bleeding in a high-risk patient, a 40-year-old Japanese man, with severe haemophilia A and(More)
BACKGROUND Therapeutic angiogenesis using cell transplantation (TACT) is a treatment strategy for no-option patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI). However, because one-third of treated patients fail to respond, the present study was an exploration of the characteristics of responders and non-responders to this treatment regimen. METHODS AND RESULTS(More)