Junjiro Ohshima

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The WT1 gene essential for the embryonic kidney development is mutated in 15-25% of Wilms tumors (WTs). To clarify whether genetic subtypes of WT1 abnormalities are correlated with IGF2 or CTNNB1 alterations or clinicopathological characteristics, we performed comprehensive WT1, IGF2, and CTNNB1 analyses of 36 WTs with WT1 abnormalities using single(More)
A SNP-based array analysis of 100 Wilms tumors (WT) from 97 patients identified 7p alterations (hemizygous and homozygous deletions and uniparental disomy) in nine tumors. The homozygous deletion (HD) region of 7p21 found in one tumor partially overlapped with another HD region reported previously, and was narrowed down to a 2.1-Mb region. Based on an(More)
Germ cell tumors (GCTs) are thought to arise from primordial germ cells (PGCs) that undergo epigenetic reprogramming: erasure of the somatic imprint in the genital ridge, and re-establishment of the sex-specific imprint at gametogenesis in the developing gonad. Previous studies suggested that GCTs show epigenetic patterns reflecting the reprogramming(More)
Epidemiological studies show that the incidence of Wilms tumor (WT) in East-Asian children is half of that in Caucasian children. Abnormalities of WT1, CTNNB1, WTX, and IGF2 were reported to be involved in Wilms tumorigenesis in Caucasians, although none of the studies simultaneously evaluated the four genes. WTX forms the β-catenin degradation complex;(More)
In a single-nucleotide polymorphism array-based analysis of 56 hepatoblastoma (HB) tumors, allelic imbalances were detected in 37 tumors (66%). Chromosome gains were found in 1q (28 tumors), 2q (24), 6p (8), 8q (8), 17q (6), and 20pq (10), and losses in 1p (6), 4q (9), and 16q (4). Fine mapping delineated the shortest overlapping region (SOR) of gains at(More)
BACKGROUND Wilms tumor (WT) has a survival rate of 90% following multimodality therapy. Nevertheless, there are some groups of patients with event-free survival rates less than 75%. In addition to clinical prognostic factors, loss of heterozygosity at 1p and/or 16q has been used to determine treatment intensity. However, the incidence of this abnormality is(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of piperacillin/tazobactam (PIP/TAZO) and cefozopran (CZOP) monotherapy in pediatric cancer patients with febrile neutropenia (FN). PROCEDURE A total of 119 febrile episodes in 49 neutropenic pediatric cancer patients (20 females and 29 males) with a median age of 6.8 years (range,(More)
Peripheral neuropathy is a well-known side effect of vincristine (VCR), a microtubule inhibitor commonly used to treat malignancies. Severe neurological adverse events can occur in patients with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) treated with VCR. Vindesine is also a microtubule inhibitor, which, like VCR, is widely used to treat malignancies. The case of an(More)
We describe three males with X-linked SCID (X-SCID) who were successfully treated by reduced-intensity SCT from unrelated cord blood (CB). Mean age at transplant was 5.7 months (range, 3–9 months). Pre-transplant conditioning for all patients consisted of fludarabine (FLU) (30 mg/m2 per day) from day −7 to day −2 (total dose 180 mg/m2) and BU 4 mg/kg per(More)
Primary intracranial rhabdomyosarcoma is quite rare, and its prognosis is poor compared with that for rhabdomyosarcoma in other organs. The authors present a case of pineal rhabdomyosarcoma successfully managed with multimodal therapy including surgery, chemotherapy, radiation, and high-dose chemotherapy (HDC) followed by autologous peripheral blood stem(More)