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Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation (ATMT) is becoming a popular effective system as an insertional mutagenesis tool in filamentous fungi. To gain more insight into the cellular and molecular mechanisms in the pathogenesis of Ustilaginoidea virens, the causal agent of rice false smut disease, a T-DNA insertion mutant library of U. virens was(More)
Chronic feeding of HCD (high-carbohydrate diet) is one of the major contributors to the prevailing of metabolic diseases. ATF4 (activating transcription factor 4) has been shown to play an important role in the regulation of glucose metabolism and obesity development; however, it is unclear how ATF4(-/-) mice respond to HCD. In the present study, we show(More)
BACKGROUND The efficacy of benzimidazole fungicides is often limited by resistance, and this is the case with the use of carbendazim for controlling Fusarium head blight caused by Gibberella zeae (Schwein.) Petch (anamorph Fusarium graminearum). Recent studies have shown that carbendazim resistance in field strains of G. zeae is associated with mutations in(More)
OBJECTIVE We have previously shown that serum insulin levels decrease threefold and blood glucose levels remain normal in mice fed a leucine-deficient diet, suggesting increased insulin sensitivity. The goal of the current study is to investigate this possibility and elucidate the underlying cellular mechanisms. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Changes in(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenous, noncoding, short, single-stranded RNAs that are evolutionarily conserved and believed to play a role in controlling a variety of biological processes. The roles of miRNAs in insulin resistance and liver steatosis, however, are largely unknown. The objective of this study was to evaluate the roles of miR-130a in the(More)
Insulin resistance is a major hallmark of metabolic syndromes, including Type 2 diabetes. Although numerous functions of SGK1 (serum- and glucocorticoid-regulated kinase 1) have been identified, a direct effect of SGK1 on insulin sensitivity has not been previously reported. In the present study, we generated liver-specific SGK1-knockout mice and found that(More)
Ustilaginoidea virens is the causal agent of rice false smut, which is a rice disease of increasing importance worldwide that has caused with the quantitative and qualitative rice losses. However, research on the pathogenic mechanism of U. virens is limited. In this study, we reported a de novo assembling, annotation, and characterization of the(More)
Sodium butyrate (NaB) is a dietary microbial fermentation product of fiber and serves as an important neuromodulator in the central nervous system. In this study, we further investigated that NaB attenuated cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in vivo and its possible mechanisms. NaB (5, 10 mg/kg) was administered intragastrically 3 h after the onset(More)
Although the gluconeogenesis pathway is already a target for the treatment of type 2 diabetes, the potential role of microRNAs (miRNAs) in gluconeogenesis remains unclear. Here, we investigated the physiological functions of miR-214 in gluconeogenesis. The expression of miR-214 was suppressed by glucagon via protein kinase A signaling in primary(More)
OBJECTIVE We recently discovered that leucine deprivation increases hepatic insulin sensitivity via general control nondepressible (GCN) 2/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) and AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) pathways. The goal of the present study was to investigate whether the above effects were leucine specific or were also induced by deficiency(More)