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The aim of the present study was to observe the effects of spironolactone on urine protein level and kidney function in patients with chronic glomerular disease receiving angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) and/or angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs). A total of 221 patients with chronic glomerular disease were divided into spironolactone(More)
Central nervous system (CNS) administration of angiotensin II (Ang II) raises blood pressure (BP). The rise in BP reflects increased sympathetic outflow and a slower neuromodulatory pressor mechanism mediated by CNS mineralocorticoid receptors (MR). We investigated the hypothesis that the sustained phase of hypertension is associated also with elevated(More)
As one of the most serious microvascular complications of diabetes and a major cause of end stage renal disease, diabetic nephropathy (DN) is calling for effective treatment strategies. Here, we provide evidence that hyperglycemia can induce proliferation and decreasing apoptosis of mesangial cells (MCs) and subsequent renal dysfunction by up-regulating(More)
Recent progress suggests that integrative cardiac reserve is important in coronary artery disease, chronic heart failure, cardiomyopathy, and other cardiovascular diseases. Integrative cardiac reserve includes coronary flow reserve, myocardial reserve, energy reserve, and heart rate reserve. In the case of stress reaction, coronary flow reserve can provide(More)
Lupus nephritis (LN) is a kidney disorder resulting from systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), an autoimmune inflammatory disease. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have emerged as a new class of therapeutic targets in LN treatment, but how they specifically contribute to the disease development remains unknown. In this study, the expression of miR-663a/miR-423-5p and TNIP2(More)
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