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Oxidative stress has been implicated in the pathogenesis of a wide variety of neuronal diseases, including ischemic neuronal injury, Alzheimer's disease, and Parkinson's disease. Thioredoxin reduces exposed protein disulfides and couples with peroxiredoxin to scavenge reactive oxygen species. Nerve growth factor (NGF) has profound effects on neurons,(More)
Thioredoxin (TRX) has a role in a variety of biological processes, including cytoprotection and the activation of transcription factors. Nerve growth factor (NGF) is a major survival factor of sympathetic neurons and promotes neurite outgrowth in rat pheochromocytoma PC12 cells. In this study, we showed that NGF induces TRX expression at protein and mRNA(More)
Using the clone-specific rearrangement of the T cell receptor gene as the genetic marker of the clonotype, we analyzed the clonal origin of the interleukin 2 (IL-2)-dependent human T-lymphotrophic virus I (HTLV-I)-positive T cell lines established from various adult T cell leukemia (ATL) patients. From a patient with chronic ATL, whose leukemic cells(More)
The human interleukin-2 (IL-2) receptor was purified by affinity chromatography using the anti-Tac monoclonal antibody, and its N-terminal amino acid sequence was determined. Complementary DNA clones were isolated and sequenced to reveal the primary structure of the IL-2 receptor precursor, which has 272 amino acid residues. The receptor is separated into(More)
We investigated the proliferation of neuronal progenitor cells by labeling dividing cells by systemic application of the thymidine analog 5-bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) during transient forebrain ischemia in mice. At 3 (n=6), 7 (n=6), 10 (n=6), and 17 days (n=6) after reperfusion, BrdU-labeled cells were detected in the dentate gyrus and paraventricle lesion.(More)
Accumulating evidence strongly suggests that oxidative stress underlies aging processes and that calorie restriction (CR) retards aging processes, leading to an extended lifespan for various organisms. Recent studies revealed that the anti-aging action of CR depends on its anti-oxidative mechanism. However, at present, the status of glutathione (GSH) and(More)
Thioredoxin (Trx) is a ubiquitous intracellular protein disulfide oxidoreductase with a CXXC active site that can be released by various cell types upon activation. We show here that Trx is chemotactic for monocytes, polymorphonuclear leukocytes, and T lymphocytes, both in vitro in the standard micro Boyden chamber migration assay and in vivo in the mouse(More)
PURPOSE Cellular or tissue reduction-oxidation (redox) is crucial in various diseases. The present study was conducted to analyze how tissue redox status is affected by photooxidative stress and whether the exogenous thiol antioxidant N-acetylcysteine (NAC) affects photooxidative stress-induced retinal damage. METHODS Mice were intraperitoneally injected(More)
Adult T cell leukemia-derived factor (ADF) is a human homologue of thioredoxin (TRX) with many biological functions and is induced by various stimuli and stress. In the central nervous system (CNS), expression of ADF/TRX occurs in glial cells during ischemia and reperfusion. We showed that ADF/TRX was actively released from U251 astrocytoma cells upon(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the protective effects of recombinant adult T-cell leukemia- derived factor (ADF)-human thioredoxin against ischemia-reperfusion injury in the rat retina. METHODS Retinal ischemia was induced in rats by increasing the intraocular pressure to 110 mm Hg for 60 minutes. Various doses of recombinant human ADF (rhADF) or vehicle were(More)