Junji Yamashita

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Interaction between endothelial cells and mural cells (pericytes and vascular smooth muscle) is essential for vascular development and maintenance. Endothelial cells arise from Flk1-expressing (Flk1+) mesoderm cells, whereas mural cells are believed to derive from mesoderm, neural crest or epicardial cells and migrate to form the vessel wall. Difficulty in(More)
BACKGROUND Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is an important angiogenic factor reported to induce migration and proliferation of endothelial cells, enhance vascular permeability, and modulate thrombogenicity. VEGF expression in cultured cells (smooth muscle cells, macrophages, endothelial cells) is controlled by growth factors and cytokines. Hence,(More)
Although Cornu Ammonis (CA) 1 neurons of the hippocampus are known to be vulnerable to transient ischaemia, the mechanism of ischaemic neuronal death is still unknown, and there are very few strategies to prevent neuronal death at present. In a previous report we demonstrated micro-calpain activation at the disrupted lysosomal membrane of postischaemic CA1(More)
To clarify the mechanism of postischaemic delayed cornu Ammonis (CA)-1 neuronal death, we studied correlations among calpain activation and its subcellular localization, the immunoreactivity of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) and Ca2+ mobilization in the monkey hippocampus by two independent experimental approaches: in vivo transient brain(More)
Three different membrane-type matrix metalloproteinases (MT1-, MT2-, and MT3-MMPs) are known to activate in vitro the zymogen of MMP-2 (pro-MMP-2, progelatinase A), which is one of the key MMPs in invasion and metastasis of various cancers. In the present study, we have examined production and activation of pro-MMP-2, expression of MT1-, MT2-, and MT3-MMPs(More)
In the silkworm, Bombyx mori (female, ZW; male, ZZ), femaleness is determined by the presence of a single W chromosome, irrespective of the number of autosomes or Z chromosomes. The W chromosome is devoid of functional genes, except the putative female-determining gene (Fem). However, there are strains in which chromosomal fragments containing autosomal(More)
Small GTPase Rho and cGMP/cGMP-dependent protein kinase (cGK) pathways exert opposing effects in specific systems such as vascular contraction and growth. However, the direct interaction between these pathways has remained elusive. We demonstrate that cGK phosphorylates RhoA in vitro at Ser188, the same residue phosphorylated by cAMP-dependent protein(More)
The authors review 30 documented cases of intracranial and orbital cavernous angiomas treated at their institution between 1965 and 1984. The diagnosis was based on computerized tomography (CT) or surgery; three patients were treated in the pre-CT era (1965 to 1976) and 27 since the advent of CT. The number of cases diagnosed preoperatively markedly(More)
Hypoxia is the principal factor that causes angiogenesis. These experiments were conducted to explore how it induces the proliferation of vascular cells, a key step in angiogenesis. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells and bovine retinal pericytes were grown in controlled atmosphere culture chambers containing various concentrations of oxygen. The numbers(More)
Vascular endothelial cells (EC) exhibit organ-to-organ heterogeneity in their functions and morphologies. In particular, brain capillary EC have unique characteristics exemplified by the blood-brain barrier (BBB). The formation and the maintenance of BBB have been ascribed to EC responses to inductive signal(s) or factor(s) from astrocytes that encircle(More)