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The distribution of histidine decarboxylase-like immunoreactivity (HDCI) in the rat central nervous system was studied by the indirect immunofluorescence technique. HDCI cell bodies were concentrated in the posterior hypothalamic area, such as in the tuberal magnocellular nucleus, caudal magnocellular nucleus, posterior hypothalamic nucleus and lateral(More)
BACKGROUND Malnutrition, gallbladder dysfunction, dumping syndrome, reflux esophagitis, and gastritis of the remnant stomach are unfavorable sequelae in patients undergoing gastrectomy. Operative procedures should be improved to ensure such patients a satisfactory quality of life. METHODS After operation, gallbladder function, reflux gastritis, gastric(More)
Following cell surface receptor activation, the alpha subunit of the Gq subclass of GTP-binding proteins activates the phosphoinositide signalling pathway. Here we examined the expression and localization of Gq protein alpha subunits in the adult mouse brain by in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry. Of the four members of the Gq protein alpha(More)
Definitive risk factors for the development of adult T-cell leukemia (ATL) among asymptomatic human T-cell leukemia virus type I (HTLV-1) carriers remain unclear. Recently, HTLV-1 proviral loads have been evaluated as important predictors of ATL, but a few small prospective studies have been conducted. We prospectively evaluated 1218 asymptomatic HTLV-1(More)
The question of whether unruptured intracranial vertebral artery dissections should be treated surgically or nonsurgically still remains unresolved. In this study, six consecutive patients with intracranial vertebral artery dissection presenting with brain-stem ischemia without subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) were treated non-surgically with control of blood(More)
Reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (RO/NS) such as nitric oxide (NO), hydroxyl radical (OH.), and superoxide anion (O(2)(-)) are generated in a variety of neuropathological processes and damage neurons. In the present study, we investigated the neuroprotective effects of rat astrocytes against RO/NS-induced damage using neuron-glia cocultures, and the(More)
We established spontaneously immortalized Schwann cell lines from long-term cultures of adult mouse dorsal root ganglia and peripheral nerves. One of the cell lines, designated IMS32, responded to mitogenic stimuli by platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-BB, acidic and basic fibroblast growth factors (aFGF, bFGF), and transforming growth factors (TGF)-beta(More)
Cultured microglial cells usually exhibit ameboid morphology and peripheral macrophage-like properties, which are distinct from those observed in the normal mature brain. This might be caused by the inappropriate culture of microglial cells in high concentrations (approximately 200-400 microM) of Gly and Ser, although the concentrations of the amino acids(More)
Beta-estradiol has been considered to be a neurotrophic agent, but its in vivo effect on gerbils with transient forebrain ischemia has not yet been demonstrated. In the first set of the present experiments, we infused beta-estradiol at a dose of 0.05 or 0.25 microg/day for 7 days into the lateral ventricles of normothermic gerbils starting 2 h before 3-min(More)
Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) is known to have trophic effects on neurons. Apoptosis of PC12 cells was induced by depletion of serum and nerve growth factor (NGF) from culture medium. Not only high potassium-induced Ca2+ channel activation but PACAP-38 at physiological concentrations (10[-10] to 10[-8] M) protected PC12 cells(More)