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Three patients are presented who developed conduction aphasia after a small infarction almost exclusively confined to the arcuate fasciculus. All of them were diagnosed as conduction aphasia within a week after the stroke and showed a rapid amelioration. On the basis of the 3 patients and conduction aphasics in the literature, the relation between(More)
We report a case of a Pick's disease (frontal predominant type) with unusual laughing. The patient was a 54-year-old, right handed, female. The patient began to show low activity and inappropriate laughing at about 51 years. She did not speak at all and showed weird laughing with a voice "hi hi hi hi hi hi" frequently at first presentation. When asked some(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVE We developed a technique that uses a multiple massive-training artificial neural network (multi-MTANN) to reduce the number of false-positive results in a computer-aided diagnostic (CAD) scheme for detecting nodules in chest radiographs. MATERIALS AND METHODS Our database consisted of 91 solitary pulmonary nodules, including 64(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES A computerized scheme for automated detection of lung nodules in low-dose computed tomography images for lung cancer screening was developed. MATERIALS AND METHODS Our scheme is based on a difference-image technique for enhancing the lung nodules and suppressing the majority of background normal structures. The difference image(More)
We investigated a psychophysical similarity measure for selection of images similar to those of unknown masses on mammograms, which may assist radiologists in the distinction between benign and malignant masses. Sixty pairs of masses were selected from 1445 mass images prepared for this study, which were obtained from the Digital Database for Screening(More)
A typical case of transient global amnesia (TGA) was investigated with single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with 1.5-tesler scans. During the amnesic episode, a marked decrease of cerebral blood flow was observed in the areas confined to the territory of the bilateral posterior cerebral arteries including(More)
We administered various memory tests and neuroimaging examinations to four pure cases who met Hodges' clinical criteria for transient global amnesia (TGA), during and after the attack. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether procedural learning is acquired during TGA and whether priming effects are preserved during TGA, and to investigate(More)
Presentation of images of lesions similar to that of an unknown lesion might be useful to radiologists in distinguishing between benign and malignant clustered microcalcifications on mammograms. Investigators have been developing computerized schemes to select similar images from large databases. However, whether selected images are really similar in(More)
The presentation of images that are similar to that of an unknown lesion seen on a mammogram may be helpful for radiologists to correctly diagnose that lesion. For similar images to be useful, they must be quite similar from the radiologists' point of view. We have been trying to quantify the radiologists' impression of similarity for pairs of lesions and(More)
We developed an advanced computer-aided diagnostic (CAD) scheme for the detection of various types of lung nodules on chest radiographs intended for implementation in clinical situations. We used 924 digitized chest images (992 noncalcified nodules) which had a 500 x 500 matrix size with a 1024 gray scale. The images were divided randomly into two sets(More)