Junji Matsuura

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BACKGROUND The acetylcholine-activated K(+) current (I(K,ACh)) is a novel candidate for atrial-specific antiarrhythmic therapy. The present study investigates the involvement of I(K,ACh) in atrial fibrillation (AF) using NTC-801, a novel potent and selective I(K,ACh) blocker. METHODS AND RESULTS The effects of NTC-801, substituted(More)
Recent studies indicate a role of chymase in the regulation of angiotensin II (AngII) formation in cardiovascular and renal tissues. We investigated a possible contribution of chymase to AngII formation and to renal fibrosis in unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO). Eight-week-old Syrian hamsters were subjected to UUO and treated with vehicle, the specific(More)
The present study examines the effects of NTC-801, a highly selective acetylcholine (ACh) receptor-activated potassium (KACh) channel blocker, on atrial fibrillation (AF) in a canine model with electrical remodeling. An experimental substrate for AF was created in dogs via left atrial (LA) tachypacing (400 bpm, 3-5 weeks). NTC-801, dofetilide, and(More)
Recent studies have demonstrated that a variety of chemokine receptors are expressed in mast cells. We investigated the changes in mRNA expression of CXCRs in murine IL-3-dependent bone marrow-derived mast cells (BMMCs) to clarify how the CXCR expression is regulated in mast cells. Expression of CXCR mRNA was measured by RNase protection assay. Functional(More)
A growing body of evidence suggests the potential role of chymase in organ injury in diabetes. We investigated blood glucose levels and survival in transgenic mice carrying the human chymase gene (Tg). Intraperitoneal injections of streptozotocin (STZ) (200, 100, 75 and 50 mg/kg in total, i.p.) were given to uninephrectomized Tg mice and wild-type C57BL/6(More)
Since a wide variety of heterogeneity was found in tissue mast cells, recent studies have focused on the process of differentiation and maturation of mast cells. It has been largely accepted that the ability of histamine synthesis is high in the mucosal type mast cells whereas that is low in the tissue-connective type mast cells, although it remains largely(More)
We examined the effects of overexpressed human chymase on survival and activity in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-treated mice. Human chymase transgenic (Tg) and wild-type C57BL/6 (WT) mice were treated with LPS (0.03, 0.1 and 0.3 mg/day; intraperitoneal) for 2 weeks. Treatment with 0.03 mg LPS did not affect survival in either WT or Tg mice. WT mice were not(More)
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