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Amino acids, especially branched-chain amino acids such as l-leucine, have been shown to regulate activation of p70 S6 kinase and phosphorylation of 4E-BP1 through the mTOR signaling pathway. In our recent study, l-arginine was also shown to activate the mTOR signaling pathway in rat intestinal epithelial cells. l-Glutamine is an amino acid that is required(More)
Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) is often up-regulated in a variety of malignancies, including gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST), and its overexpression seems to be associated with tumor progressiveness and poor prognosis. GIST is well known to have a mutation to c-KIT; thus, a specific c-KIT inhibitor (imatinib) is recognized as the first-line chemotherapy(More)
AIMS We evaluated the techniques of colonic interposition and supercharge for esophageal reconstruction and discussed the main considerations related to these procedures. PATIENTS AND METHODS In this study, we performed 51 esophageal reconstructions using colonic interposition. Twenty-eight of the 51 patients had synchronous or allochronic gastric(More)
PURPOSE We examined borderline estrogen receptor (ER) -positive cancers, defined as having 1% to 10% positivity by immunohistochemistry (IHC), to determine whether they show the same global gene-expression pattern and high ESR1 mRNA expression as ER-positive cancers or if they are more similar to ER-negative cancers. PATIENTS AND METHODS ER status was(More)
BACKGROUND We hypothesized that distinct biological processes might be associated with prognosis and chemotherapy sensitivity in the different types of breast cancers. METHODS We performed gene set analyses with BRB-ArrayTools statistical software including 2331 functionally annotated gene sets (ie, lists of genes that correspond to a particular(More)
Taxanes are approved for the treatment of breast cancer that has spread to the lymph nodes, following surgery and doxorubicin containing chemotherapy. Taxanes have improved the survival of breast cancer patients, especially in estrogen receptor (ER) negative population in clinical settings. This time we examined the relationship between chemosensitivity to(More)
Myc is an oncogenic transcription factor that promotes tumorigenesis. Recently, a dominant negative form of Myc (Omomyc) was shown to cause regression of lung tumors in a mouse model of lung cancer caused by KRAS mutation, suggesting that Myc might be a potential therapeutic target to treat the KRAS lung cancer. However, it is not yet known whether Omomyc(More)
Gene therapy and virotherapy are among the approaches currently used to treat malignant tumors. Gene therapy and virotherapy use a specific therapeutic gene that causes death in cancer cells. In early attempts at gene therapy, therapeutic genes were driven by ubiquitous promoters such as the CMV promoter, which induce non-specific toxicity to normal cells(More)
The HSP90 molecular chaperone family is highly conserved and expressed in various organisms ranging from prokaryotes to eukaryotes. HSP90 proteins play essential housekeeping functions, such as controlling the activity, turnover and trafficking of various proteins, promoting cell survival through maintaining the structural and functional integrity of some(More)
PURPOSE Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) regulates integrin and growth factor-mediated signaling pathways to enhance cell migration, proliferation, and survival, and its up-regulation correlates malignant grade and poor outcome in several types of cancer. In this study, we aimed to raise a potential therapeutic strategy using a FAK inhibitor for Barrett's(More)