Junji Iwahara

Learn More
Paramagnetic relaxation enhancement (PRE) measurements on (1)H nuclei have the potential to play an important role in NMR structure determination of macromolecules by providing unique long-range (10-35 A) distance information. Recent methodological advances for covalently attaching paramagnetic groups at specific sites on both proteins and nucleic acids(More)
Kinetic data on a number of protein-protein associations have provided evidence for the initial formation of a pre-equilibrium encounter complex that subsequently relaxes to the final stereospecific complex. Site-directed mutagenesis and brownian dynamics simulations have suggested that the rate of association can be modulated by perturbations in charge(More)
Understanding the function of biological macromolecules and their complexes at the physicochemical level requires knowledge of both their structure and dynamics. Conventional biophysical techniques, such as crystallography and NMR, have yielded incredibly detailed structural information at the atomic level on highly populated static states.1 In the context(More)
Macromolecular complex formation is governed by two opposing constraints of specificity and speed. Kinetic and theoretical considerations suggest that significant rate enhancement can be achieved either by reducing the dimensionality of the search process or by the creation of a short-range attractive potential around the target site. This implies the(More)
The use of (1)H transverse paramagnetic relaxation enhancement (PRE) has seen a resurgence in recent years as method for providing long-range distance information for structural studies and as a probe of large amplitude motions and lowly populated transient intermediates in macromolecular association. In this paper we discuss various practical aspects(More)
Surface proteins of Gram-positive bacteria play important roles during the pathogenesis of human infections and require sortase for anchoring to the cell-wall envelope. Sortase cleaves surface proteins at the LPXTG motif and catalyzes the formation of an amide bond between the carboxyl group of threonine (T) and the amino group of cell-wall crossbridges.(More)
The recent expansion of structural genomics has increased the demands for quick and accurate protein structure determination by NMR spectroscopy. The conventional strategy without an automated protocol can no longer satisfy the needs of high-throughput application to a large number of proteins, with each data set including many NMR spectra, chemical shifts,(More)
The High Mobility Group B1 (HMGB1) protein plays important roles in both intracellular (reductive) and extracellular (oxidative) environments. We have carried out quantitative investigations of the redox chemistry involving Cys22 and Cys44 of the HMGB1 A-domain, which form an intramolecular disulfide bond. Using NMR spectroscopy, we analyzed the real-time(More)
The AT-rich interaction domain (ARID) is a DNA-binding module found in many eukaryotic transcription factors. Using NMR spectroscopy, we have determined the first ever three-dimensional structure of an ARID--DNA complex (mol. wt 25.7 kDa) formed by Dead ringer from Drosophila melanogaster. ARIDs recognize DNA through a novel mechanism involving major groove(More)