Learn More
Physiological roles for PTH-related peptide (PTHrP) appear varied, but remain to be clarified. The peptide is present in large amounts in milk, and PTHrP mRNA has been shown to be present in high amounts in lactating mammary gland. Because PTHrP can cause smooth muscle relaxation, we hypothesized that the peptide might affect the contractility of the breast(More)
Neurotensin (NT), a distal gut peptide released by intraluminal fats, is trophic for normal small bowel and colonic mucosa. In addition, NT stimulates growth of certain colon cancers; the mechanism for this effect is not known. The purpose of this study was to determine whether human colon cancers (HCC) (1) express the mRNA for NT/neuromedin N (N), (2)(More)
Calcium, which binds to calmodulin inside the cells, is an important mediator of various intracellular processes, including cell proliferation. We speculated that blockade of Ca2+ influx into the cells by Ca(2+)-channel blockers, such as phenytoin and verapamil, might affect the Ca(2+)-calmodulin pathway leading to suppression of cell growth. In this study,(More)
The effect of graded doses (10(-10)-10(8) M) of highly purified bovine parathyroid secretory protein-I (SP-I; chromogranin-A) or synthetic porcine pancreastatin on glucose-stimulated insulin release in the perfused rat pancreas was examined. SP-I (10(-9) M) inhibited the first phase of glucose-stimulated insulin release, and 10(-8) M SP-I inhibited both the(More)
The objective of this study was to examine the release of insulin from cultured islet cells, taken from the pancreas of newborn and adult rats, in response to gastric inhibitory polypeptide (GIP), cholecystokinin-8 (CCK-8), calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), and pancreastatin. GIP (10(-9)-10(-7) M) potentiated glucose-stimulated release of insulin in a(More)
BACKGROUND Helicobacter pylori and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are recognized as the major causes of peptic ulcer disease. The status of H. pylori infection in the background population may influence the incidence of H. pylori-negative peptic ulcer disease. OBJECTIVE To examine the incidence of H. pylori-negative peptic ulcer disease(More)
5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) is a mitogen for fibroblasts, vascular smooth muscle cells, renal mesangial cells, and jejunal crypt cells. The human carcinoid cell line (termed BON) that we established in our laboratory from a pancreatic carcinoid tumor produces and secretes 5-HT. In this study, therefore, we examined the effect of 5-HT on growth of BON cells.(More)
We have shown recently that 5-HT is an autocrine growth stimulatory factor for a cell line (BON) that is derived from a human pancreatic carcinoid tumor. This action is mediated by a 5-HT receptor-linked decrease of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (AMP) production, but not mediated by a 5-HT receptor-linked stimulation of phosphatidylinositol hydrolysis. The(More)
OBJECTIVE The effect of neurotensin (NT) on in vitro-growth of human pancreatic cancer cells (MIA PaCa-2) was examined. Furthermore, the intracellular signal-transduction pathways by which neurotensin regulates growth of MIA PaCa-2 cells were determined. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA NT is trophic for normal rat pancreas, but the effect of NT on growth of human(More)
Genotypic variation of Helicobacter pylori is speculated to associate with different clinical outcomes. In Western countries, the gene encoding blood group antigen-binding adhesin (BabA), babA2, is of high clinical relevance and is a useful marker to identify patients who are at higher risk for peptic ulceration and gastric adenocarcinoma, as are vacA and(More)