Junji Ishizuka

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Carcinoid tumors are a group of neuroendocrine neoplasms distributed widely throughout the body but most commonly occurring in the gut. These tumors retain many characteristics of their neural crest origin, including secretion of neuroactive peptides and responsiveness to neurotrophic substances. Nerve growth factor (NGF), a neurotrophic protein involved in(More)
In order to settle the question about whether or not opioid peptides stimulate or inhibit insulin secretion, we studied effects of rimorphin and dynorphin, two members of the preproenkephalin B group, on glucose-induced insulin secretion in the isolated, perfused rat pancreas. These peptides (3.95 X 10(-8) M), like morphine (3.95 X 10(-8) M), significantly(More)
The regulation of actin filament networks by various proteins has essential roles in the growth cone dynamics. In this study we focused on the actin-myosin interaction which has been suggested to be an important player in the neurite extension. We examined in vitro how the decoration of actin filaments with a side-binding protein, drebrin-E, affects the(More)
The effects of porcine pancreastatin on insulin release stimulated by insulinotropic agents, glucagon, cholecystokinin-octapeptide (CCK-8), gastric inhibitory polypeptide (GIP) and L-arginine, were compared to those of bovine chromogranin A (CGA) using the isolated perfused rat pancreas. Pancreastatin significantly potentiated glucagon-stimulated insulin(More)
Cell growth is regulated by various peptide growth factors through receptor-linked multiple intracellular signal-transduction pathways, such as the cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) pathway. cAMP activates cAMP-dependent protein kinase A (PKA) either to stimulate or inhibit cell growth. The effect on growth is determined by the presence of two isoforms(More)
Aging is associated with significant structural and functional changes in the gastrointestinal tract. Gastrin, a hormone produced by G cells in the antrum of the stomach, stimulates proliferation of gastric mucosa; its synthesis appears to decrease with age. Life-long restriction of caloric intake is the only experimental manipulation that has been shown to(More)
The effect of aging on ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) activity and polyamine biosynthesis in the proximal small intestine was studied in two groups of male Fisher 344 rats (young [4-month old] and aged [26- to 27-month old]) using a fasting and refeeding model. In control (nonfasted) rats, levels of polyamines (putrescine, spermidine and spermine) and ODC(More)
Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) is a 37-amino acid peptide that is present in peripheral cells of islets and in nerves around and within islets. CGRP can inhibit insulin secretion in vitro and in vivo. Whether the inhibitory action of CGRP is mediated by somatostatin or by nerve terminals is, however, not known. The objective of this study was to(More)
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