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Funalenone, a phenalene compound that inhibits type I collagenase (MMP-1), was isolated from mycelium of Aspergillus niger FO-5904 by solvent extaction, ODS column chromatography, Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography and reversed phase HPLC. Funalenone inhibited 50% of type I collagenase activity at a concentration of 170 microM, but inhibited 18.3% and(More)
An enzyme, tentatively termed aculeacin A acylase, useful in preparing deacylated peptides which are used as starting material for semisynthetic antifungal antibiotics, was purified from the culture filtrate of Actinoplanes utahensis NRRL12052. The purification involved ultrafiltration and column chromatographies on DEAE-cellulose, hydroxyapatite, and(More)
Aculeacin A acylase (AAC), produced by Actinoplanes utahensis, catalyzes the hydrolysis of the palmitoyl moiety of the antifungal antibiotic, aculeacin A. Using mixed oligodeoxyribonucleotide probes based on the N-terminal amino acid (aa) sequences of the two subunits of AAC, overlapping clones were identified in a cosmid library of A. utahensis DNA. After(More)
Novel brominated and halogen-less azaphilone (oxoisochromane) derivatives, 5-bromoochrephilone and dechloroisochromophilone IV, and known derivatives, dechloroisochromophilone III and isorotiorin, were isolated from the culture broth of a producing organism of isochromophilones I and II (azaphilones inhibiting gp120-CD4 binding), Penicillium multicolor(More)
An enzyme assay for bacterial undecaprenyl pyrophosphate (UPP) synthase was performed to screen microbial culture broths for inhibitors of UPP synthase. During the course of this screening program, an EtOH extract of a rice culture of Penicillium brasilianum FKI-3368 was found to inhibit UPP synthase activity. From activity-guided purification, a new(More)
Viridicatumtoxin and spirohexaline, small fungal molecules with a tetracyclic scaffold and an additional spirobicyclic ring in common, were found to inhibit bacterial undecaprenyl pyrophosphate (UPP) synthase with IC50 values of 4 and 9 μm, respectively. These molecules showed weak inhibitory activity against catalytically related enzymes such as bacterial(More)
Trichostatin A (TSA, 17 nM), a specific and reversible inhibitor of histone deacetylase induced neurite network formation at and after 4 days. The networks were preserved for at least 3 weeks in the presence of TSA. Butyrolactone I (BLI, 23.6 microM), an inhibitor of cdc2 and cdk2 kinases, also induced neurite extension. Both compounds enhanced the(More)
Various lectins have attracted attention as potential microbicides to prevent HIV transmission. Their capacity to bind glycoproteins has been suggested as a means to block HIV binding and entry into susceptible cells. The previously undescribed lectin actinohivin (AH), isolated by us from an actinomycete, exhibits potent in vitro anti-HIV activity by(More)
Complementation of a mutant lacking avermectin B 5-O-methyltransferase (AveD) of Streptomyces avermitilis, which catalyses the methylation of the hydroxyl group at the C5 position of avermectin B compounds, revealed that the gene encoding AveD is in a 1.25-kb SalI-EcoNI fragment in the left region of the gene cluster for avermectin biosynthesis. The(More)