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Funalenone, a phenalene compound that inhibits type I collagenase (MMP-1), was isolated from mycelium of Aspergillus niger FO-5904 by solvent extaction, ODS column chromatography, Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography and reversed phase HPLC. Funalenone inhibited 50% of type I collagenase activity at a concentration of 170 microM, but inhibited 18.3% and(More)
Cerulenin, an antifungal antibiotic produced by Cephalosporium caerulens, is a potent inhibitor of fatty acid synthase in various organisms, including Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The antibiotic inhibits the enzyme by binding covalently to the active center cysteine of the condensing enzyme domain. We isolated 12 cerulenin-resistant mutants of S. cerevisiae(More)
The biosynthetic gene cluster for lariatins A and B, anti-mycobacterial peptide antibiotics with a unique “lasso” structure, was cloned from Gram-positive bacterium Rhodococcus jostii K01-B0171. Random transposition mutagenesis using IS1415 derivative was carried out to identify a chromosomal locus involved in lariatin biosynthesis and six independent(More)
An enzyme, tentatively termed aculeacin A acylase, useful in preparing deacylated peptides which are used as starting material for semisynthetic antifungal antibiotics, was purified from the culture filtrate of Actinoplanes utahensis NRRL12052. The purification involved ultrafiltration and column chromatographies on DEAE-cellulose, hydroxyapatite, and(More)
Novel brominated and halogen-less azaphilone (oxoisochromane) derivatives, 5-bromoochrephilone and dechloroisochromophilone IV, and known derivatives, dechloroisochromophilone III and isorotiorin, were isolated from the culture broth of a producing organism of isochromophilones I and II (azaphilones inhibiting gp120-CD4 binding), Penicillium multicolor(More)
Blocking human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) entry into target cells is an important goal of HIV and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) therapies. We have searched for anti-HIV substances from microorganisms using a syncytium formation assay system constructed with HeLa/CD4/Lac-Z and HeLa/T-env/Tat cells. We discovered a novel anti-HIV protein that(More)
Aculeacin A acylase (AAC), produced by Actinoplanes utahensis, catalyzes the hydrolysis of the palmitoyl moiety of the antifungal antibiotic, aculeacin A. Using mixed oligodeoxyribonucleotide probes based on the N-terminal amino acid (aa) sequences of the two subunits of AAC, overlapping clones were identified in a cosmid library of A. utahensis DNA. After(More)
Various lectins have attracted attention as potential microbicides to prevent HIV transmission. Their capacity to bind glycoproteins has been suggested as a means to block HIV binding and entry into susceptible cells. The previously undescribed lectin actinohivin (AH), isolated by us from an actinomycete, exhibits potent in vitro anti-HIV activity by(More)
  • H Matsubara, J Inokoshi, A Nakagawa, H Tanaka, S Omura
  • 1983
Reductive aminations of the aldehyde group at C-20 position of tylosin and demycarosyltylosin (desmycosin) were carried out using primary and secondary amines in the presence of sodium cyanoborohydride. Some of these derivatives brought about higher antimicrobial and ribosome-binding activities, and the structure-activity relationship is discussed.
Ras p21 proteins have been shown to be posttranslationally farnesylated on a specific carboxyterminal cysteine1 ^. Inhibition of this isoprenylation would alter membrane localization and activation of ras oncogene40. Therefore during our screening for farnesyl-protein transferase (FTase) inhibitors of microbial origin we have isolated gliotoxin (GT) and(More)