Junji Inokoshi

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Aculeacin A acylase (AAC), produced by Actinoplanes utahensis, catalyzes the hydrolysis of the palmitoyl moiety of the antifungal antibiotic, aculeacin A. Using mixed oligodeoxyribonucleotide probes based on the N-terminal amino acid (aa) sequences of the two subunits of AAC, overlapping clones were identified in a cosmid library of A. utahensis DNA. After(More)
Trichostatin A (TSA, 17 nM), a specific and reversible inhibitor of histone deacetylase induced neurite network formation at and after 4 days. The networks were preserved for at least 3 weeks in the presence of TSA. Butyrolactone I (BLI, 23.6 microM), an inhibitor of cdc2 and cdk2 kinases, also induced neurite extension. Both compounds enhanced the(More)
Cerulenin, an antifungal antibiotic produced by Cephalosporium caerulens, is a potent inhibitor of fatty acid synthase in various organisms, including Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The antibiotic inhibits the enzyme by binding covalently to the active center cysteine of the condensing enzyme domain. We isolated 12 cerulenin-resistant mutants of S. cerevisiae(More)
Two anti-mycobacterial peptides with a lasso structure, named lariatins A and B, were separated by HP-20 and ODS column chromatographies and purified by HPLC from the culture broth of Rhodococcus jostii K01-B0171, which was isolated from soil aggregates collected in Yunnan, China. Lariains A and B showed growth inhibition against Mycobacterium smegmatis(More)
An enzyme, tentatively termed aculeacin A acylase, useful in preparing deacylated peptides which are used as starting material for semisynthetic antifungal antibiotics, was purified from the culture filtrate of Actinoplanes utahensis NRRL12052. The purification involved ultrafiltration and column chromatographies on DEAE-cellulose, hydroxyapatite, and(More)
The structures of new protein farnesyltransferase inhibitors, andrastins A-C, were elucidated. The cyclopentane ring of andrastins exhibited keto-enol tautomerism, which made the structure hard to elucidate. Therefore, the structure of andrastin A was elucidated by INADEQUATE and 13C-13C couplings using 13C-labeled andrastin A. The absolute configuration of(More)
Funalenone, a phenalene compound that inhibits type I collagenase (MMP-1), was isolated from mycelium of Aspergillus niger FO-5904 by solvent extaction, ODS column chromatography, Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography and reversed phase HPLC. Funalenone inhibited 50% of type I collagenase activity at a concentration of 170 microM, but inhibited 18.3% and(More)
androstane skeleton with a keto-enol tautomerism at the cyclopentane ring. Wecarried out further isolation for PFTase inhibitors from the cultured broth of strain FO-3929 and found andrastin D (4, Fig. 1). In this paper, fermentation, isolation, structure elucidation, and biological properties of 4 are described. A stock culture of strain FO-3929 was(More)
Blocking human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) entry into target cells is an important goal of HIV and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) therapies. We have searched for anti-HIV substances from microorganisms using a syncytium formation assay system constructed with HeLa/CD4/Lac-Z and HeLa/T-env/Tat cells. We discovered a novel anti-HIV protein that(More)
Two isozymes for human acyl-coenzyme A:diacylglycerol acyltransferase (DGAT), DGAT1 and DGAT2, were independently expressed in DGAT-deficient Saccharomyces cerevisiae to establish DGAT1- and DGAT2-S. cerevisiae. The selectivity of DGAT inhibitors of natural origin towards the isozymes was assessed in enzyme assays using the microsomal fractions prepared(More)