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The biosynthetic gene cluster for lariatins A and B, anti-mycobacterial peptide antibiotics with a unique “lasso” structure, was cloned from Gram-positive bacterium Rhodococcus jostii K01-B0171. Random transposition mutagenesis using IS1415 derivative was carried out to identify a chromosomal locus involved in lariatin biosynthesis and six independent… (More)
Various lectins have attracted attention as potential microbicides to prevent HIV transmission. Their capacity to bind glycoproteins has been suggested as a means to block HIV binding and entry into susceptible cells. The previously undescribed lectin actinohivin (AH), isolated by us from an actinomycete, exhibits potent in vitro anti-HIV activity by… (More)
Clinically useful antibiotics, β-lactams and vancomycin, are known to inhibit bacterial cell wall peptidoglycan synthesis. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has a unique cell wall structure consisting of peptidoglycan and wall teichoic acid. In recent years, new anti-infectious agents (spirohexaline, tripropeptin C, DMPI, CDFI, cyslabdan,… (More)
Lactacystin (1.3 microM), a metabolite from an actinomycete, induced the formation of bipolar projections at both sides of the cell body of Neuro 2a cells 1 day after treatment and networks at and after 3 days and enhanced acetylcholinesterase activity (a marker of neuronal differentiation). Thus, the neuronal differentiation was characterized both… (More)
The structures of new protein farnesyltransferase inhibitors, kurasoins A and B, were elucidated by NMR study. Kurasoins A and B are acyloin compounds having in common a 3-hydroxy-1-phenyl-2-butanone moiety, to which p-hydroxyphenyl and 3-indolyl moieties respectively, are connected at C-4. The structures were confirmed by total synthesis.
Lariatin A, an 18-residue lasso peptide encoded by the five-gene cluster larABCDE, displays potent and selective anti-mycobacterial activity. The structural feature is an N-terminal macrolactam ring, through which the C-terminal passed to form the rigid lariat-protoknot structure. In the present study, we established a convergent expression system by the… (More)