Junji Inokoshi

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The biosynthetic gene cluster for lariatins A and B, anti-mycobacterial peptide antibiotics with a unique “lasso” structure, was cloned from Gram-positive bacterium Rhodococcus jostii K01-B0171. Random transposition mutagenesis using IS1415 derivative was carried out to identify a chromosomal locus involved in lariatin biosynthesis and six independent(More)
Various lectins have attracted attention as potential microbicides to prevent HIV transmission. Their capacity to bind glycoproteins has been suggested as a means to block HIV binding and entry into susceptible cells. The previously undescribed lectin actinohivin (AH), isolated by us from an actinomycete, exhibits potent in vitro anti-HIV activity by(More)
Lactacystin (1.3 microM), a metabolite from an actinomycete, induced the formation of bipolar projections at both sides of the cell body of Neuro 2a cells 1 day after treatment and networks at and after 3 days and enhanced acetylcholinesterase activity (a marker of neuronal differentiation). Thus, the neuronal differentiation was characterized both(More)
The structures of new protein farnesyltransferase inhibitors, kurasoins A and B, were elucidated by NMR study. Kurasoins A and B are acyloin compounds having in common a 3-hydroxy-1-phenyl-2-butanone moiety, to which p-hydroxyphenyl and 3-indolyl moieties respectively, are connected at C-4. The structures were confirmed by total synthesis.
Lariatin A, an 18-residue lasso peptide encoded by the five-gene cluster larABCDE, displays potent and selective anti-mycobacterial activity. The structural feature is an N-terminal macrolactam ring, through which the C-terminal passed to form the rigid lariat-protoknot structure. In the present study, we established a convergent expression system by the(More)
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