Junichiro Mochizuki

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Phenazoviridin is a newly discovered free radical scavenger from microorganisms. It was isolated from the culture of Streptomyces sp. HR04. The structure of phenazoviridin was determined as 6-(3-methyl-2-butenyl)phenazine-1-carboxylic acid 6-deoxy-alpha-L-talopyranose ester on the basis of its spectroscopic and physico-chemical properties. The novel(More)
Pyrrolostatin, a new lipid peroxidation inhibitor, was isolated from the culture of Streptomyces chrestomyceticus EC40. The structure was determined to be 4-geranylpyrrole-2-carboxylic acid on the basis of its spectroscopic and physico-chemical properties. Pyrrolostatin inhibited lipid peroxidation in rat brain homogenate.
KRN5500, (6-[4-Deoxy-4-(2E,4E)-tetradecadienoylglycyl]amino-L-glycero - beta-L-mannoheptopyranosyl]amino-9H-purine), was semi-synthesized in an attempt to increase the therapeutic effects of spicamycin analogues. The present study evaluated the antitumor activity of KRN5500 against murine tumors and human tumor xenografts. KRN5500 prolonged the survival of(More)
The antitumor activity of spicamycin analogue SPM VIII against human stomach, breast, lung, colon and esophageal cancers was compared to that of mitomycin C (MMC) in the human tumor-nude mice xenograft model. Comparative studies of SPM VIII given i.v. at 6 mg/kg/day daily for 5 days and MMC given i.v. at 6.7 mg/kg on day 1 revealed that the antitumor(More)
Rumbrin has been isolated from a fungus, Auxarthron umbrinum, by a screening program designed to find microorganism-produced cytoprotective substances. It was purified by use of column chromatography on silica gel, reversed phase HPLC and then isolated as fine red needles. Rumbrin prevented cell death caused by calcium overload and exhibited a potent(More)
Free radical scavenging activities of various carbazole compounds, carazostatin, carbazomycin B and their chemically modified derivatives were studied in vitro and ex vivo. Among these compounds, carazostatin, which was isolated as a free radical scavenger from the culture of Streptomyces chromofuscus, showed the most potent inhibitory activity against(More)
Thiazohalostatin has been isolated from the culture broth of Actinomadura sp. by a screening program designed to find novel cytoprotective substances. It was purified by use of column chromatography on silica gel, reversed phase HPLC and then isolated as colorless powder. Thiazohalostatin prevented cell death caused by calcium overload and exhibited an(More)