Junichiro Hamada

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The neurobiological basis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) remains poorly understood. Given the role of CD38 in social recognition through oxytocin (OT) release, we hypothesized that CD38 may play a role in the etiology of ASD. Here, we first examined the immunohistochemical expression of CD38 in the hypothalamus of post-mortem brains of non-ASD subjects(More)
Mutations in the gene encoding cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP) cause two skeletal dysplasias, pseudoachondroplasia (PSACH) and multiple epiphyseal dysplasia (MED). More than 40 mutations have been identified; however, genotype-phenotype relationships are not well delineated. Further, mutations other than in-frame insertion/deletions and(More)
HYPOTHESIS The scapulothoracic (ST) joint affects glenohumeral (GH) joint function. We observed 3-dimensional scapular motions during arm elevation and lowering to identify the scapulohumeral rhythm in healthy subjects and to compare it between the dominant and nondominant arms. MATERIALS AND METHODS Twenty-one healthy subjects participated in this study.(More)
The pronator quadratus muscle is composed of the superficial and deep heads. However, to date there is no consensus on the variations of each head. To add to this enigma, the innervation patterns of each head have not been thoroughly studied. The present study was conducted to clarify the structure and innervation of the pronator quadratus muscle by minute(More)
We here investigated endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) expression after 10 minutes of forebrain ischemia. Real-time polymerase chain reaction, immunoblots and immunohistochemical studies revealed up-regulation of eNOS expression in the hippocampal CA1 subfield of gerbil. Immunoreactivity of eNOS significantly increased in endothelium but neither in(More)
HYPOTHESIS Assessment of whether elevation and lowering of the dominant and nondominant arms occur in a similar manner in healthy individuals is clinically important in terms of shoulder disorders. MATERIALS AND METHODS We examined the scapulohumeral rhythm (SHR) and performed electromyography (EMG) for the middle deltoid, upper trapezius, lower(More)
Purpose For the application of less invasive robotic neurosurgery to the resection of deep-seated tumors, a prototype system of a force-detecting gripper with a flexible micromanipulator and force feedback to the operating unit will be developed. Methods Gripping force applied on the gripper is detected by strain gauges attached to the gripper clip. The(More)
We investigated phosphorylation of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) at two major sites, Ser1177 and Thr495, which has a critical role to control its activity, in the gerbil hippocampal microvasculature after transient forebrain ischemia. Ser1177 phosphorylation was unchanged by 24 h after reperfusion, despite post-ischemic up-regulation of eNOS(More)
The anatomy and function of the serratus anterior muscle and the long thoracic nerve have not been fully elucidated. The purposes of this investigation were (1) to clarify which nerve roots of the cervical spine supply each part of the muscle and contribute to the long thoracic nerve and (2) to investigate the anatomy of the 3 parts of the muscle to(More)
Adhesive capsulitis of the shoulder (also known as frozen shoulder) is a painful and disabling disorder with an estimated prevalence ranging from 2% to 5% in the general population. Although the precise pathogenesis of frozen shoulder is unclear, thickened capsule and coracohumeral ligament (CHL) have been documented to be one of the most specific(More)