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The Arabidopsis mutant defective in anther dehiscence1 (dad1) shows defects in anther dehiscence, pollen maturation, and flower opening. The defects were rescued by the exogenous application of jasmonic acid (JA) or linolenic acid, which is consistent with the reduced accumulation of JA in the dad1 flower buds. We identified the DAD1 gene by T-DNA tagging,(More)
Involvement of auxin polar transport in flower formation of Arabidopsis thaliana was studied using a pinformed (pin) mutant (Rpin) transformed with the indoleacetamide hydrolase (iaaH) gene and the phenocopy of the pin mutant, which was induced by 9-hydroxyfluorene-9-carboxylic acid (HFCA). The application of indoleacetamide (IAM) did not change aberrant(More)
Elongation growth of etiolated hypocotyls of cress (Lepidium sativum L.) was suppressed when they were exposed to basipetal hypergravity at 35 x g and above. Acceleration at 135 x g caused a decrease in the mechanical extensibility and an increase in the minimum stress-relaxation time of the cell wall. Such changes in the mechanical properties of the cell(More)
The morphology, growth and development of higher plants are strongly influenced by environmental stimuli on the earth, which affect the changes in the dynamics of plant hormones in plants. Qualitative and quantitative changes in plant hormones are the most important internal factor to regulate plant growth and development. Among them, auxin (IAA) is of most(More)
In studies on the mechanism of cell separation during abscission, little attention has been paid to the apoplastic environment. We found that the apoplastic pH surrounding abscission zone cells in detached roots of the water fern Azolla plays a major role in cell separation. Abscission zone cells of detached Azolla roots were separated rapidly in a buffer(More)
The principal objectives of the space experiment, BRIC-AUX on STS 95, were the integrated analysis of the growth and development of etiolated pea and maize seedlings in space and a study of the effects of microgravity conditions in space on auxin polar transport in these segments. Microgravity significantly affected the growth and development of etiolated(More)
The principal objective of the space experiment, BRIC-AUX on STS-95, was the integrated analysis of the growth and development of etiolated pea and maize seedlings in space, and the effect of microgravity conditions in space on auxin polar transport in the segments. Microgravity conditions in space strongly affected the growth and development of etiolated(More)
An arabinogalactan-protein macroarray of all 48 Arabidopsis arabinogalactan-protein genes was prepared as a handy detection system for arabinogalactan-protein gene expression. The major transcript in inflorescence stems was identified as AtFLA11. AtFLA11 is categorized as a fasciclin-like arabinogalactan-protein that possesses a fasciclin domain with a cell(More)
Methyl jasmonate (JA-Me) at concentrations of 0.1, 0.5 and 1.0 % (w/w) greatly stimulated anthocyanins accumulation in shoots of young plants of Kalanchoe blossfeldiana when it was applied around the stem as a lanolin paste. Stimulatory effect of JA-Me was evidently observed as early as two days after treatment. Anthocyanins were formed in the main and(More)